Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Careless, Tu-154B, Tu-154B1, Tu-154M, Tu-154V, Tu-154V1 and Tu-155
Parent System: Tu-154
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1972
Maiden Flight: 1968
Total Production: 935
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Description: The Tupolev Tu-154, Careless NATO nickname, is a medium range, three-engine, jetliner capable of carrying from 132 to 180 passengers developed in the late 1960s. Along with the Tu-134, it was the backbone of many Soviet airlines for both domestic and international flights for many decades. More than 900 Tu-154s were produced for the Soviet Union and international customers beginning in the early 1970s through 1996.
The Tu-154 has been produced in many versions called Tu-154, Tu-154A, Tu-154B, Tu-154B1, Tu-154B2 and Tu-154M. The latest model, Tu-154M, is powered by three more fuel-efficient Soloviev D-30K turbofans instead of Kuznetsov NK-8 engine powering previous models. The popular Tu-154M also features improved aerodynamics. More than 300 Tu-154M were produced until Tu-154 production line stopped in 1996.
The Tu-154S/C is a freighter variant resulting from conversion of early models. Tu-155 is a Tu-154 modified as a test bed for liquid hydrogen fuel. Tupolev carried out the Tu-154M first flight in 1984. Tu-154V/V1 is a further version fitted with a VIP cabin.
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