Al-Khalid II  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2015
Total Production: 100
Origin: China and Pakistan
Corporations: Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT) and NORINCO
Parent System: Type 96A
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1998
Total Production: 3,500
Family Members: Al-Khalid I, Type 90-IIM, Type 96A and Type 96B
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Description: The Type 96A, also reported as Type 90 for export customers, Main Battle Tank (MBT) is an improved derivative of the Type 85 II tank which was developed on the basis of the Soviet-made T-54 chassis. After the Gulf War in 1991, the Chinese military realized that Type 88 was no match to Western-made tanks and launched the development of more advanced MBTs which led to Type 96 and Type 99. The Type 96A MBT, originally known as Type 85 III, was deployed by the People's Liberation Army (PLA) at the end of the 1990s replacing Type 59 and Type 69 in PLA's elite units.

The Al Khalid II development started in 2012 under management by Pakistan with technical assistance provided by China. The tank incorporates a re-designed turret, improved sensor package, increased combat weight, upgraded modular armor, and a new powerpack developing 1,500-hp. The upgraded modular armor has been designed and tested to withstand the impact of 120mm and 125mm armor piercing rounds. Besides, the Khalid II incorporates a new integrated battle management system (IBMS) and an active protection system to defeat artillery shells and anti-tank guided missiles. The Khalid II is expected to enter service in 2015 with 100 tanks to be ordered by the Pakistani Army.

Al-Khalid II Specifications

Ammunition Load: 49
Crew: 3
Rolling Rubber Wheels: 6
Height: 2.40 meter (94 inch)
Length: 10.1 meter (396 inch)
Main Gun Caliber: 125 millimeter
Width: 3.50 meter (138 inch)
Max Range: 450 kilometer (280 mile)
Power: 1,500 hp (1,119 kW)
Max Rate of Fire: 9 roundperminute
Cross Country Speed: 45 kph (12.5 mps)
Top Speed: 72 kph (45 mph)
Combat Weight: 48 ton (105,820 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

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