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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Bakhcha, BMD-1, BMD-2 and BTR-D
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Description: BMD is a family of light tracked armored vehicles designed to meet the requirements of Soviet airborne troops. These vehicles are amphibious and are equipped with NBC protection and night vision system as well as a turret-mounted gun and missile system. BMD vehicles provide fire support and mobility to airborne units. Its adjustable suspension system allows to change the vehicle's height thus cushion it better for airdrop. A single Il-76 transport aircraft is able to carry up to three BMDs.
Based on the BMP-1 armored vehicle BMD-1 was fielded with the Soviet Army in 1970. BMD-1 was followed by BMD-2. The BMD-3 was the last development made in the former Soviet Union and fielded in 1992 by the Russian Army. The BMD-4 is the last member of the BMD family. BMDs saw combat for the first time during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. BMD infantry fighting vehicle chassis has been the basis for further developments such as command post and mortar carrier vehicle.
BMD-3 is a very improved variant of BMD series having corrected the shortfalls seen on its predecessors. It was fitted with the two-man turret from the BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicle. The chassis features improved amphibious capability and the 7-man complement can be airdropped inside the BMD-3. The turret-mounted armaments include a 2A42 30mm cannon, a 7.62mm machine gun and an anti-armor missile with two in stowage. A 30mm grenade launcher and a 5.45mm machine gun can be fired from the vehicle's compartment.
BMD-3 is powered by a water-cooled diesel engine at the rear compartment and rated at 450-hp. It achieves of a top speed of 70 kph. Survivability can be improved adding an Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) kit. All in, BMD-3 offers greater firepower, performance and protection than BMD-2. A 2A72 30mm stabilized gun replacing 2A42 cannon and Kornet anti-tank missile with four rounds are available for upgrade of existing BMD-3s.
Rolling Rubber Wheels: 5
Height: 2.20 meter (87 inch)
Length: 6 meter (236 inch)
Main Gun Caliber: 30 millimeter
Width: 3.10 meter (122 inch)
Max Range: 500 kilometer (311 mile)
Power: 450 shp (336 kW)
Top Speed: 19.5 mps (70 kph)
Combat Weight: 12,900 kilogram (28,439 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
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14 Jul 2014 and 9 Sep 2016
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