Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Sadovnitsa
KBP, Kurganmashzavod and VgTZ
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Description: BMD is a family of light tracked armored vehicles designed to meet the requirements of Soviet airborne troops. These vehicles are amphibious and are equipped with NBC protection and night vision system as well as a turret-mounted gun and missile system. BMD vehicles provide fire support and mobility to airborne units. Its adjustable suspension system allows to change the vehicle's height thus cushion it better for airdrop. A single Il-76 transport aircraft is able to carry up to three BMDs.
Based on the BMP-1 armored vehicle BMD-1 was fielded with the Soviet Army in 1970. BMD-1 was followed by BMD-2. The BMD-3 was the last development made in the former Soviet Union and fielded in 1992 by the Russian Army. The BMD-4 is the last member of the BMD family. BMDs saw combat for the first time during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. BMD infantry fighting vehicle chassis has been the basis for further developments such as command post and mortar carrier vehicle.
The BMD-4M is an upgraded version of the BDM-4 airborne combat vehicle validated in late 2012 and scheduled to enter service with the Russian Airborne Assault Forces by the end of 2013. The 13-ton BMD-4M is equipped with a 100mm gun and carries a crew of two-man and six infantrymen. The BMD-4M features a new chassis, a digital fire control system and high precision weaponry. In late December 2012, the Russian Ministry of Defense took the decision to procure around 1,000 BMD-4M and BTR-MD Rakushka tracked airborne combat vehicles to re-equip the Airborne Forces by 2020. The new armored vehicles will replace the existing BMD-2, which are obsolete, and BMD-3 combat vehicles.
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