Description: The BTR-80 is a 8x8 wheeled combat vehicle intended to carry infantry troops, arms and other loads on the battlefield while providing fire support thanks to a turret-mounted gun. It features lightweight armor, 9 firing ports, NBC protection, automatic fire fighting system, a central regulation of tire air pressure system, four side and two top hatches allow troops to mount/dismount quickly. Its high mobility and its reduced weight make BTR-80 suitable for amphibious and airborne operations in many environments. During amphibious operations can achieve an speed of 9 kilometers per hour crossing ranges of 12 kilometers. The BTR-80 wheeled armored vehicle entered service with the Soviet Army in 1984. Since then it has been widely exported, more than 20 countries have purchased the BTR-80 armored vehicle and its derivatives.
The baseline BTR-80 armored vehicle was armed with a turret-mounted 14.5mm main gun and one coaxial 7.62mm machine gun. Operational learning shown the need for a larger caliber main gun. The BTR-80A, which entered service in 1994, features an automatic 30mm gun replacing the 14.5mm gun and one coaxial 7.62mm machine gun as well as a hardened hull in the frontal section for improved survivability. All in, the BTR-80A is heavier than the BTR-80, 14.5 tons versus 13.6 tons, and has greater firepower. The BTR-80K is a command and control derivative of the proven BTR-80 featuring a crew of six-man, additional communications equipment, and two workstations. All versions are powered by a turbocharged diesel engine developing 260-hp and a top speed of 80 kilometers per hour on-road.
It was deployed for the first time by the Soviet Army in Afghanistan in the 1980s. The BTR-80 armored vehicle was also deployed in Chechnya with the Russian Army demonstrating that its lightweight armor is inappropriate for the modern battlefield and urban warfare scenarios. However, BTR-80s were deployed successfully during the 1990s in peacekeeping missions where its high mobility and lightweight armor proved to be extremely valuable for low intensity military operations.