Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Rostok APS
Arzamas Machine Building Plant and Military Industrial Company
Parent System: BTR-90
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1998
Total Production: ?
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Description: The BTR-90, also known as Rostok, is an all-terrain, high mobility, 8x8 armored vehicle designed to carry safely infantry troops to the front line on the battlefield. The vehicle's crew consists of three (gunner, driver and commander) and seven fully equipped infantrymen. Besides, it provides fire support to dismounted troops as well as enhanced protection over preceding Soviet/Russian made armored vehicles. It has been designed to equip mechanized units within the Russian Army as well as Marine units of the Russian Navy. A wide range of vehicles to fulfill different missions could be developed on the basis of the BTR-90 chassis. The BTR-90 achieved initial operational capability in 1998 but was not deployed by the Russian Army due to the lack of funds while being available for export customers. Finally, the Russian Army officially accepted the BTR-90 wheeled armored fighting vehicle into active duty in May 2008.
The BTR-90 has been developed with the combat experience gained on the BTR-80 armored vehicle. A heavier armor has been provided to achieve enhanced survivability on the battlefield. The 510-hp multi-fuel turbocharged diesel engine is located in the aft, the combat compartment in the front and the troops compartment in the middle of the body. The gunner and the commander are accommodated in the turret, and the driver and seven infantryman in the middle of the body. Top and side hatches have been provided to facilitate mount/dismount operations. The vehicle's advanced 8x8 independent torsion-bar wheel system provides high mobility and enhanced cross country speed. Improved survivability for the BTR-90 can be gained through add-on armor kits. The vehicle also includes automatic fire suppression system, NBC protection, combat management system and digital topographic maps. Air conditioning is provided as optional equipment.
The BTR-90's turret accommodates all the weaponry. The weapon package includes the 30mm 2A42 automatic gun with 500 rounds, the 30mm AGS-17 or AGS-30M grenade launcher with 400 rounds, and one coaxial 7.62mm machine gun with 2,000 rounds. An integrated fire control system ensures target kill on the move and in adverse weather conditions. One or two Kornet (Konkurs?) anti-tank missile launcher systems with two missiles each can be integrated on the turret providing BTR-90 engagement capability against heavy armored vehicles such as Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) and Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs). The frontal section of the armored vehicle can withstand impacts from piercing ammunition up to 30mm caliber, the side and aft sections are prepared to withstand piercing projectiles up to 12.7mm. The troops compartment can receive internal additional armor. The vehicle retains its mobility even when four wheels (not in the same side) have been destroyed.
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