Description: BMD is a family of light tracked armored vehicles designed to meet the requirements of Soviet airborne troops. These vehicles are amphibious and are equipped with NBC protection and night vision system as well as a turret-mounted gun and missile system. BMD vehicles provide fire support and mobility to airborne units. Its adjustable suspension system allows to change the vehicle's height thus cushion it better for airdrop. A single Il-76 transport aircraft is able to carry up to three BMDs.
Based on the BMP-1 armored vehicle BMD-1 was fielded with the Soviet Army in 1970. BMD-1 was followed by BMD-2. The BMD-3 was the last development made in the former Soviet Union and fielded in 1992 by the Russian Army. The BMD-4 is the last member of the BMD family. BMDs saw combat for the first time during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. BMD infantry fighting vehicle chassis has been the basis for further developments such as command post and mortar carrier vehicle.
The BTR-MD Rakushka is a tracked multi-purpose armored personnel carrier (APC) based on the BMD-4M airborne combat vehicle chassis. The BTR-MD APC has been selected by the Russian Airborne Assault Troops as part of its re-armament program beginning in 2013 through 2020. The first Rakushka will be delivered in mid-2013 and become fully operational by the end of the same year. In late December 2012, the Russian Ministry of Defense took the decision to procure around 1,000 BMD-4M and BTR-MD Rakushka tracked airborne combat vehicles to re-equip the Airborne Forces by 2020. The new armored vehicles will replace the existing BMD-2, which are obsolete, and BMD-3 combat vehicles. The Rakushka is intended to transport up to 13 airborne troops and is equipped with a 7.62mm machine gun.