Leopard 2 A7V
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Rheinmetall Defence
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Description: The Leopard 2 is a heavyweight Main Battle Tank (MBT) designed to replace Leopard 1 in the German Army countering the soviet-made T-72. The Leopard 2 features high mobility, protection, improved survivability over previous main battle tanks and a 120mm smoothbore gun. More than 3,000 Leopard 2 have been produced to date for 11 European nations. Due to this fact the Leopard is truly called the Euro Leopard 2.
The Leopard 2 main battle tank is the result of cooperation between Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Rheinmetall. As the proven Leopard 1 technology follow-on, the Leopard 2 features high availability and low life cycle costs. It can operate day/night and in all-weather conditions.
The Leopard 2 modular design clears the way for rapid and easy modernization and upgrading programs. It was deployed for the first time in the 1990s during the former Yugoslavia conflict. It has not been involved in military campaigns, like the M1 Abrams and the British Challenger, but it is considered as one of the best main battle tanks currently in service.
The Leopard 2 A7V has been developed by Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) to meet the requirements of the German Army. The Leopard 2 A7V includes a 20 kW auxiliary power unit (APU) to safeguard selected tactical and operational tank functionalities in the area of sensor systems and communication systems when the primary power pack is shut off. Besides, the APU allows using programmable 120mm rounds when the primary power pack is also shut off. Modular armor will allow the new Leopard to adapt to different mission requirements. KMW unveiled the Leopard 2 A7 tank at the Eurosatory exhibition in Paris June 2016. In September 2017 the German Army ordered the ugprade of 68 A4, 16 A6 and 20 A7 tanks to the Leopard 2 A7V standard by 2020. In April 2019 the German Army ordered the upgrade of 101 Leopard 2 A6 tanks to the A7V standard by 2026.
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