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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Origin: United States of America
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Description: The United States of America M1 Abrams tank was designed to provide heavy armor superiority on the battlefield destroying enemy forces using mobility and firepower. Initially the US Army and the German agreed to develop a new heavy tank in the 1970s but the joint program split into the German Leopard 2 and the US M1 Abrams. It was deployed in the early 1980s replacing the aging M60 Patton main battle tank (MBT) within the US Army and within the United States Marine Corps (USMC) in the 1990s. It has been exported to the Armies of Egypt (M1A1), Saudi Arabia (M1A1 and M1A2), Kuwait (M1A2), Australia (M1A1) and recently Iraq (M1A1). Roughly 10,000 M1 Abrams main battle tanks were produced for the US Army, the USMC, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.
In addition to its heavy armor, the M1 Abrams tank features Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) protection and a 1,500-hp AGT-1500 gas engine which allows high mobility on road and off road. The M1 Abrams 105mm or 120mm stabilized cannon can open fire moving or stationary, at night, in adverse weather against moving and stationary targets with a high probability of kill using depleted uranium penetration ammunition and its advanced ballistic computers, as well as its sensor package housed on the turret. The frontal part of the turret is protected using depleted uranium plates which are more resistant than steel. Export Abrams are not provided with the depleted uranium armor.
The M1 Abrams main battle tank was deployed in 1980. Its main armament was a 105mm gun with 55 rounds, with a coaxial 7.62mm machine gun and a commander's 12.7mm and a 7.62 machine guns on the turret's roof. The M1 Abrams carries 11,400 rounds of ammunition for its 7.62mm machine guns. The 12.7mm gun with 900 rounds of ammunition provides protection against airborne threats such as low-altitude, low-speed aircraft and helicopters. In late 1990s the US Army had converted more than 948 M1 to the M1A2 configuration. Eventually, the basic M1 tanks were upgraded to the M1A2 standard or retired from active duty.
M1 Abrams Specifications
Ammunition Load: 55
Rolling Rubber Wheels: 7
Height: 2.37 meter (93 inch)
Length: 9.77 meter (385 inch)
Main Gun Caliber: 105 millimeter
Width: 3.65 meter (144 inch)
Power: 1,500 shp (1,119 kW)
Cross Country Speed: 48 kph (13.3 mps)
Top Speed: 72 kph (45 mph)
Combat Weight: 60,000 kilogram (132,275 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
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M1 Abrams News
There are 2 news between
24 Sep 2004 and 1 May 2006
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