M1126 Stryker ICV
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Dragoon Stryker and Infantry Carrier Vehicle
Origin: United States of America
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Description: The Stryker vehicle is the result of lessons learned by the US Army during the Gulf War in 1991. Current light divisions are deployable but they can not stand up armored forces. On the other hand, current heavy divisions equipped with Abrams and Bradley tanks can defeat any armored forces but they need months to be deployed (the US Army requested 6 months to build up the heavy forces that defeated Saddam Hussein). The Stryker meets both requirements deployability/mobility, and lethality/survivability. The US Army original plans were to procure up to 2,131 Stryker vehicles to equip six Interim Brigades Combat Teams (IBCT) through 2008. The estimated cost of the Stryker, originally named Interim Armored Vehicle (IAV), program was $4 billion. Each Interim Brigade will feature more than 300 Stryker vehicles and the first one (3rd brigade, 2nd infantry division) will achieve operational capability in 2003. Finally the US Army procured more than 4,000 Stryker vehicles.
The Stryker armored vehicle weighs no more than 38,000 pounds, can be airlifted by a single C-130 aircraft, and has enough armor to stop small arms fire. There are 10 variants of the Stryker vehicle: Infantry Carrier Vehicle, Mobile Gun System, Anti-Tank Guided Missile Vehicle, Reconnaissance Vehicle, Fire Support Vehicle, Engineer Squad Vehicle, Mortar Carrier Vehicle, Commander's Vehicle, Medical Evacuation Vehicle, and the NBC Reconnaissance Vehicle. Each vehicle provides all around 14.5mm integral protection, RPG-protection through add-on armor, overhead 152mm HE airburst and NBC protection, as well as individual crew respirators and reduced thermal and acoustic signatures.
The Stryker Infantry Carrier Vehicle can transport up to nine fully equipped troops and has a crew of two, driver and commander. It features a remote weapon station with a 40mm grenade launcher, or a 12.7mm or a 7.62mm machine guns. General Dynamics announced the delivery of 1,000th Stryker armored vehicle to the US Army during a ceremony at the Anniston Army Depot in Anniston, Alabama, on January 13, 2005. The Stryker family of vehicles is assembled at the Army's Anniston Army Depot, Anniston, Alabama, and at General Dynamics Land Systems' facility in London, Ontario, Canada. In May 2005, the 3rd Air Support Operations Squadron based at 354th Operations Group at Eielson became the first unit belonging to the US Air Force to operate the Stryker armored vehicle. In mid-August 2005, the United States began its first deployment of the Stryker Brigade Combat Team in a combat area. The US Army's 172nd Stryker Brigade Combat Team was the first Stryker-equipped unit deployed in Iraq beginning on 14 August 2005. The move was aimed at completing the training on the Stryker thus demonstrating capabilities in a real combat scenario.
On December 2, 2004, General Dynamics Land Systems was awarded a $260 million contract for 95 Stryker combat vehicles, including 14 mobile gun systems; 17 NBC vehicles; 25 infantry; and 39 mortar carrier vehicles. Deliveries are scheduled to begin in January 2005 and will continue through February 2006. In 2005 the US Army awarded General Dynamics Land Systems an order for the fifth Stryker brigade comprising 423 Stryker wheeled combat vehicles valued at approximately $582 million. Vehicle deliveries were slated for January 2006 through January 2007. As of early in 2005, the first Stryker brigades has been successfully operating in Iraq since October 2003.
On April 12, 2006 the US Army awarded General Dynamics Stryker fiscal year 2006 production contract valued at $464 million for 360 wheeled combat vehicles. Vehicles delivery were slated to start in April 2007 through March 2008. In October 2006 the US Army awarded a new contract to General Dynamics Land Systems for 109 Stryker vehicles increasing the Army's fiscal year 2006 Stryker procurement to a total of 518 vehicles. FY2006 Stryker deliveries should be complete by October 2008. To date, General Dynamics has delivered 1,780 Strykers of the 2,691 included in the U.S. Army's plans for seven Stryker Brigade Combat Teams. Stryker has demonstrated an operational readiness of 96 percent with more than 6 million miles accumulated. Beginning in 2016, the US Army's Stryker ICV armored vehicles are being fitted with the MCT-30 weapon station sporting a 30mm automatic cannon instead of the 12.7mm cannon. The new variant is called Dragoon Stryker.
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