Description: The M113 is an amphibious, air-transportable, full tracked family of light armored vehicles intended to perform a variety of battlefield missions. It includes more than 10 variants. M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) entered service in 1960, M113A1 in 1964, M113A2 in 1979 and M113A3 in 1987. The other variants of M113 family feature similar capabilities of A1, A2 or A3 configuration. More than 80,000 M113 vehicles have been produced of which 70,000 are M113 models.
The M113 vehicles have been sold to more than 50 countries worldwide and is being produced under license in allied nations such as Turkey and the Netherlands. M113 have seen combat in Vietnam, North of Africa, Middle East and Southeast Asia. It was deployed during the Gulf War (1990-1991) and during operation Iraqi Freedom (2003). The US Army utilizes M113A2 and A3 models and is expected to standardize to the A3 configuration before the arrival of its replacement, the Future Combat Systems (FCS) family of manned and unmanned ground vehicles, by 2010-1014 timeframe. In 2011 the FCS program was cancelled. In 2014 the US launched the AMPV program as the replacement for the M113 family of vehicles.
The M113, M113A1, M113A2 and M113A3 are armored vehicles intended to transport 11 fully equipped infantrymen well protected under armor to the front line of the battlefield. M113s can be equipped with a roof-mounted 12.7mm gun and two 7.62mm machine guns.