Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: M1A2 Abrams SEPv3 and M1A2 SEPv3
Origin: United States of America
General Dynamics Land Systems
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Description: The United States of America M1 Abrams tank was designed to provide heavy armor superiority on the battlefield destroying enemy forces using mobility and firepower. Initially the US Army and the German agreed to develop a new heavy tank in the 1970s but the joint program split into the German Leopard 2 and the US M1 Abrams. It was deployed in the early 1980s replacing the aging M60 Patton main battle tank (MBT) within the US Army and within the United States Marine Corps (USMC) in the 1990s. It has been exported to the Armies of Egypt (M1A1), Saudi Arabia (M1A1 and M1A2), Kuwait (M1A2), Australia (M1A1) and recently Iraq (M1A1). Roughly 10,000 M1 Abrams main battle tanks were produced for the US Army, the USMC, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.
In addition to its heavy armor, the M1 Abrams tank features Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) protection and a 1,500-hp AGT-1500 gas engine which allows high mobility on road and off road. The M1 Abrams 105mm or 120mm stabilized cannon can open fire moving or stationary, at night, in adverse weather against moving and stationary targets with a high probability of kill using depleted uranium penetration ammunition and its advanced ballistic computers, as well as its sensor package housed on the turret. The frontal part of the turret is protected using depleted uranium plates which are more resistant than steel. Export Abrams are not provided with the depleted uranium armor.
The M1A2C Abrams, formerly the M1A2 Abrams SEPv3, is a further evolution of the M1A2 SEPv2 tank featuring technological advancements in communications, reliability, sustainment and fuel efficiency, plus upgraded armor. The new version of the Abrams tank may feature the Trophy active protection system as well as remote weapon stations. In December 2017 the US Army ordered 435 M1A2 SEPv3 converted from M1A1 tanks to be delivered by 2020.The first SEPv3 tanks were delivered to the US Army in October 2017.
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