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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: T-64A, T-64B, T-64B1, T-64BM2, T-64BV, T-64K and T-64R
Parent System: T-64
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1967
Total Production: 13,000
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Description: The T-64 is a main battle tank (MBT) introduced by the Soviet Union in the late 1960s as a sophisticated replacement for the T-54, T-55 and T-62 tanks. The T-64 is the first Soviet tank to feature an autoloader, suppressing the need for a fourth crew member, a 125mm cannon and an infrared search-light a well as advanced armor including explosive reactive armor (ERA) kits and ceramic inserts. The T-64 was produced solely for the Red Army while the slightly less sophisticated T-72 was produced for the Red Army and export customers worldwide. The T-64/T-64A is the basic version fielded by the Soviet Army equipped with gunner's sight and smoke grenade launchers. The T-64K is a command vehicle variant. The T-64B is an improved variant with better and more compact armor as well as a laser rangefinder. The T-64BV introduces ERA armor kit. The T-64B1 designation refers to former T-64A tanks upgraded to the B standard. The T-64BM2 is an improved version introduced by the Ukrainian Army. Production started in 1966 and the tank entered service in 1967. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Armies of Russia and Ukraine became the only known operators.
The T-64 armament includes a 125mm smoothbore 2A46 cannon with 40 rounds and an effective range of 2,100 meters, a roof-mounted 12.7mm NSVT anti-aircraft gun with 300 rounds and a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun with 2,000 round. The 125mm gun can fire the Kobra/AT-8 Songster anti-tank missile carrying six missiles onboard. The tank features enhanced mobility compared with the T-62 thanks to a 5-cylinder multi-fuel diesel engine developing between 700 and 750-hp. The T-64 tank also features a Nuclear, Bacteriological and Chemical (NBC) filtration system. The T-64R was the initial production version armed with a 115mm D-68 smoothbore gun instead of the 125mm gun of later models with roughly 600 tanks produced. The T-64 was employed by the Russian Army during the conflict with Georgia in 2008 and by Ukraine during the conflict with Novorossia (East Ukraine) in 2014.
Ammunition Load: 40
Rolling Rubber Wheels: 6
Height: 2.20 meter (87 inch)
Length: 9.20 meter (362 inch)
Main Gun Caliber: 125 millimeter
Width: 3.40 meter (134 inch)
Ditch Crossing Ability: 2.80 meter (110 inch)
Fording Depth: 1.40 meter (55 inch)
Main Gun Max Range: 2,100 meter
Step Climbing Ability: 0.80 meter (31.5 inch)
Power: 750 hp (560 kW)
Top Speed: 75 kph (47 mph)
Combat Weight: 38,000 kilogram (83,774 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
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