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Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1993
Total Production: 2,976
Unitary Cost: RUB60 million   (USD$967,129)
Also Known As: Bheeshma, Object 188, T-90A, T-90M Bhishma, T-90SA, T-90SK and Vladimir
Origin: Russia
Corporations: Uralvagonzavod production association
Parent System: T-90
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1993
Total Production: 3,650
Family Members: T-90M and T-90MS
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Description: The T-90, Object 188 industrial name, is a Main Battle Tank (MBT) evolved from the Red Army's T-72 in the late 1980s. It has been designed to engage enemy armored vehicles, troops, fortifications and low-flying helicopters in day/night and all-weather conditions. Its main armament is a 125mm 2A46M-2 smoothbore gun which can fire a variety of rounds as well as anti-tank missiles, a coaxial PKT 7.62mm machine gun, and a NSV 12.7mm machine gun for anti-aircraft purposes. The 125mm gun features an autoloader system with 22+20 rounds. The first prototype was produced in 1989 and serial production of the Russian Army T-90A model started in 1992.

The first version of the T-90 known as the T-90A was ordered by the Russian Army while the T-90S is a version intended for export customers but ultimately adopted by the Russian Army. The T-90S advanced fire control system permits to engage targets at night and all-weather conditions firing on the move or stationary with a great probability of kill. The advanced fire control system with two sights provided to the gunner and the commander means hunter-killer capability for the T-90S MBT. Kontakt-5 multi-layer armor, Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA), and an TShU-1 Shtora-1 advanced electro-optical countermeasures system provides enhanced survivability against anti-tank weapons, even against those features top-attack mode. The Shtora-1 system has IR-emitters and laser countermeasures. Kontakt-5 armor in the front section is equivalent to 800-830mm thick of conventional armor against armor piercing discarding sabot (APDS) rounds and 1,150-1350mm against high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) projectiles.

The T-90A is powered by an economic V-84MS multi-fuel diesel engine with an optional V-92S2 1,000-hp diesel engine available for export customers (T-90S). The T-90SK is a command and control version featuring improved communications. The T-90S entered active service with the Russian Army in 1993. India and Algeria as well as other countries are the export customers for the T-90S with more than 2,000 ordered or on order. Venezuela may become an export customer for the T-90 tank in the near future. India will become the largest T-90 operator in the world with more than 1,600 tanks with many of them to be assembled locally under license in India. All in, more than 3,600 T-90 tanks may be produced for the Russia and export customers worldwide.

T-90S Applications

Armored Vehicles BMPT BMR-3M BREM-1M IMR-3MA MTU-90 MTU-90M UBIM Fighting Ships Magar Project 11711 Project 12322

T-90S Specifications

Ammunition Load: 42
Crew: 3
Rolling Rubber Wheels: 6
Ground Clearance: 0.49 meter (19.3 inch)
Height: 2.23 meter (88 inch)
Length: 9.43 meter (371 inch)
Length without Gun: 6.86 meter
Main Gun Caliber: 125 millimeter
Width: 3.37 meter (133 inch)
Gradient: 58 %
Side Slope: 47 %
Ditch Crossing Ability: 2.80 meter (110 inch)
Front Armor Protection APDS Round: 830 millimeter
Front Armor Protection HEAT Projectile: 1,350 millimeter
Max Range: 550 kilometer (342 mile)
Step Climbing Ability: 0.85 meter (33.5 inch)
Power: 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Ground Pressure: 0.94 kg/cm2 (92 kPa)
Max Rate of Fire: 7 roundperminute
Cross Country Speed: 45 kph (12.5 mps)
Top Speed: 60 kph (37.3 mph)
Combat Weight: 46,500 kilogram (102,513 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

T-90S News

There are 32 news between
20 Jan 2004 and 13 Apr 2020
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Monday, April 13, 2020Russian Army Takes Delivery of First Upgraded T-90M Tanks
Thursday, January 30, 2020Indian Army to Increase Combat Readiness of 3,257 T-72 and T-90 Tanks
Friday, November 22, 2019Russian Army Tanks to Get Urban Warfare Combat Kit in 2020
Monday, September 30, 2019Russian Army Takes Delivery of First T-90M Tanks
Wednesday, May 8, 2019Indian Army to Get 460 T-90MS Tanks Between 2022 and 2026
Sunday, September 2, 2018India Successfully Tested Mango 125mm Tank Shells
Friday, February 23, 2018India Developing FSAPDS Ammunition for T-72 and T-90S Main Battle Tanks
Monday, November 20, 2017Algeria to Buy 300 BMPT-72 Terminator 2 Tank Fire Support Vehicles
Monday, August 21, 2017India to Upgrade T-72 and T-90 Tanks with New Missile and Countermeasures
Thursday, July 20, 2017Iraq Placed Order for Several Hundred T-90S/SK Tanks in 2016

Operators & Related Equipment

A first batch of 185 T-90SA tanks ordered before 2010. A second batch of 187 T-90SA tanks was ordered in late 2011. A third batch of 200 tanks ordered in December 2016.
Jun 200790
First order for 310 T-90S with 186 assembled in India and the remaining 124 imported from Russia. The second order signed in November 2006 includes 330 tanks. A third order for 347 T-90M Bhishma tanks to be assembled in India placed in December 2007. Another 500 build under license thereafter.
Aug 2009700
Order for hundreds of T-90S/SK tanks placed in 2016
Russian Army plans for 600 (two divisions) T-90A/S tanks by 2010. The Russsian Army plans call for 22 new battalions (31 tanks each) by 2015. The T-90 will form the backbone of the Russian Army until 2025.
Jun 2007200
Tank deliveries started in late 2015
Tanks ordered in summer 2011

Grand Total 3,13612
Cannons & Gear
Defensive Weapons
Protection Systems
Sensor Systems
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