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Type 63A  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1997
Total Production: 300
Also Known As: WZ213 and ZTS63A
Origin: China
Parent System: Type 63A
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1997
Total Production: 300
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Description: The Type 63A, also known as the ZTS63A and WZ213, is an amphibious light tank developed for the People's Liberation Army (PLA) on the basis of the Type 63 amphibious light tank introduced in 1963. The Type 63 tank was Chinese development based on the Soviet PT-76 amphibious light tank of the early 1950s. The Type 63A tank has been designed for river-crossing operations and amphibious landings in hostile shores required to take over an island such as Taiwan. The Type 63A features greater firepower that its predecessors thanks to a 105mm two-axis stabilized rifled gun compared with the 85mm cannon provided to the older Type 63 tank. Its boat-like hull and waterjets make the Type 63A capable of swimming over a distance exceeding 120 kilometers and a maximum speed of 28 kilometers per hour (kph). Typically, these tanks are released at a distance between 5 to 7 kilometers from shore during amphibious assault operations. The PLA fielded the first 20-ton Type 63A amphibious light tanks in 1997 with over 300 units produced so far.

The Type 63A's 105mm gun with 45 rounds on the vehicle's magazine can take out a bunker at a distance of 2,000 meters and pierce 650mm of steel armor. A laser-guided anti-tank missile can be fired from the turret while swimming in order to engage hostile tanks on the shore or low flying helicopters. Besides, the tank is equipped with a 12.7mm roof-mounted anti-aircraft machine gun and a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun. The tank's computer-based fire control system includes a night thermal camera, laser rangefinder and satellite GPS/GLONASS based navigation system. The Type 63A is powered by a 581-hp diesel engine allowing a top speed of 75 kph and a maximum range of 400 kilometers on land.

Type 63A Applications

Fighting Ships Type 071

Type 63A Specifications

Ammunition Load: 45
Crew: 4
Rolling Rubber Wheels: 6
Height: 2.60 meter (102 inch)
Length: 7.30 meter (287 inch)
Main Gun Caliber: 105 millimeter
Width: 3.20 meter (126 inch)
Main Gun Max Range: 2,000 meter
Max Range: 400 kilometer (249 mile)
Piercing in Armor: 650 millimeter
Swimming Distance: 120 kilometer (65 nautical mile)
Power: 581 hp (433 kW)
Top Speed: 75 kph (47 mph)
Top Swimming Speed: 28 kph (15.1 knot)
Combat Weight: 20,000 kilogram (44,092 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

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