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Type 85 II
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: T-85 II, Type 85-HM and Type 88B
Parent System: Type 85
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1991
Total Production: ?
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Description: China's Type 85 is a main battle tank (MBT) derived from Type 80 tank. The Type 80 is an evolution from T-62/Type 69 chassis. Type 85 features improved armor and a 125mm cannon fitted with automatic ammunition loading system which reduces the crew to only three-man compared to four in the Type 80. It is powered by a 730-hp diesel engine which allows for a top speed of 57.25 kph. In addition to its 125mm cannon, Type 85 is equipped with a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun and a 12.7mm roof-mounted anti-aircraft gun.
Entry into service of Type 85 in the Chinese Army occurred in the late 1980s or early 1990s with several thousands tanks deployed. Type 85 was replaced as the front line MBT of the People's Liberation Army by the more sophisticated Type 96 in the late 1990s. Approximately 200/300 of these main battle tanks were sold to Pakistan under Type 85-HM designation in the first half of the 1990s.
Type 85 II Applications
Type 85 II Specifications
Height: 2.30 meter (91 inch)
Length: 10.3 meter (406 inch)
Main Gun Caliber: 125 millimeter
Width: 3.50 meter (138 inch)
Main Gun Max Range: 3,000 meter
Max Range: 500 kilometer (311 mile)
Power: 730 shp (545 kW)
Cross Country Speed: 9.80 mps (35.3 kph)
Top Speed: 15.9 mps (57 kph)
Combat Weight: 41,000 kilogram (90,388 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
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