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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Al-Khalid, MBT2000, Type 90-II, Type 90-IIA and VT-1A
Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT) and NORINCO
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Description: The Type 96A, also reported as Type 90 for export customers, Main Battle Tank (MBT) is an improved derivative of the Type 85 II tank which was developed on the basis of the Soviet-made T-54 chassis. After the Gulf War in 1991, the Chinese military realized that Type 88 was no match to Western-made tanks and launched the development of more advanced MBTs which led to Type 96 and Type 99. The Type 96A MBT, originally known as Type 85 III, was deployed by the People's Liberation Army (PLA) at the end of the 1990s replacing Type 59 and Type 69 in PLA's elite units.
The MBT2000/Type 90-IIM is an improved variant of Type 90-II main battle tank (MBT) aimed at the export market. Type 90-II was developed by China North Industries Group Corporation (CNGC or NORINCO) in the 1980s to meet the requirements of People's Liberation Army (PLA) for a third generation MBT which ultimately led to the development of Type 98/99. Originally, Type 90-II was the Chinese counterpart to the Soviet Union's T-72 MBT. In the late 1990s Pakistani Army ordered the MBT2000 designated as the Al-Khalid. Pakistan's requirement calls for the procurement of approximately 600 units. Al-Khalid is built under license by Heavy Industries Taxila from November 2000. Production is expected to cease in 2007. In 2006, Pakistan announced that Saudi Arabia may be interested in purchasing 150 MBT2000s worth $600 million.
The MBT2000/Al-Khalid features a three-man crew with a 125mm smoothbore cannon equipped with autoloader, 39-round magazine and capable of firing laser-guided missile rounds such as Refleks. In addition to the 125mm gun, MBT2000 is provided with a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun (3,000 rounds) and a 12.7mm air defense machine gun (500 rounds). The tank's protection is based on steel armor, modular design, composite parts and optional Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA). The model chosen by the Pakistani Army is driven by a 1,200-hp 6TD liquid-cooled diesel engine from Ukraine.
Type 90-IIM Specifications
Ammunition Load: 39
Rolling Rubber Wheels: 6
Height: 2.40 meter (94 inch)
Length: 10.1 meter (396 inch)
Main Gun Caliber: 125 millimeter
Width: 3.50 meter (138 inch)
Max Range: 450 kilometer (280 mile)
Power: 1,200 hp (895 kW)
Max Rate of Fire: 8 roundperminute
Cross Country Speed: 45 kph (12.5 mps)
Top Speed: 65 kph (40 mph)
Combat Weight: 48 ton (105,820 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
Type 90-IIM News
There is 1 news
on 18 Feb 2013
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