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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: 2S9-1, Anona and Nona-S
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Description: BMD is a family of light tracked armored vehicles designed to meet the requirements of Soviet airborne troops. These vehicles are amphibious and are equipped with NBC protection and night vision system as well as a turret-mounted gun and missile system. BMD vehicles provide fire support and mobility to airborne units. Its adjustable suspension system allows to change the vehicle's height thus cushion it better for airdrop. A single Il-76 transport aircraft is able to carry up to three BMDs.
Based on the BMP-1 armored vehicle BMD-1 was fielded with the Soviet Army in 1970. BMD-1 was followed by BMD-2. The BMD-3 was the last development made in the former Soviet Union and fielded in 1992 by the Russian Army. The BMD-4 is the last member of the BMD family. BMDs saw combat for the first time during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. BMD infantry fighting vehicle chassis has been the basis for further developments such as command post and mortar carrier vehicle.
The 2S9 Anona or Nona-S is a 120mm amphibious self-propelled mortar/howitzer based on an stretched version of the BMD tracked chassis. It was fielded by the Soviet Army in the mid-1980s. The 2S9 is powered by a 5D20 diesel engine developing 240 hp and provides a maximum speed of 60 kph on land. Besides the amphibious Nona-S is equipped with two rear waterjets for use on water. The turret with the equipped with 120mm cannon is operated by a two-man crew. 2S9 crew consists of driver, gunner, loader and commander. The 120mm gun can fire as a howitzer or as a mortar having a maximum range of more than 12 kilometers firing rocket assisted rounds.
Ammunition Load: 40
Rolling Rubber Wheels: 6
Height: 2.30 meter
Length: 6 meter
Main Gun Caliber: 120 millimeter
Width: 2.60 meter
Main Gun Max Range: 12,800 meter (7.96 mile)
Main Gun Min Range: 1,700 meter
Max Range: 500 kilometer
Power: 240 hp (179 kW)
Max Rate of Fire: 10 roundperminute
Sustained Rate of Fire: 4 roundperminute
Top Speed: 60 kph (16.7 mps)
Combat Weight: 8,700 kilogram
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
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on 2 Apr 2016
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