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FlakPz Gepard  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Total Production: ?
Also Known As: Gepard 1A2
Origin: Germany
Corporations: Krauss-Maffei Wegmann
Parent System: Gepard
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Total Production: ?
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Description: The Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer (FlakPz) Gepard is a twin 35mm caliber automatic gun turret mounted on the Leopard 1 chassis. It provides anti-aircraft fire against hostile aircraft in support of ground armored forces deployed in the battlefield. It was first deployed in the 1980s. In 1998, the German Army introduced the improved Gepard 1A2 variant featuring a new fully digital fire control system and enhanced sub-systems including GPS.

The Gepard consists of two MK 35 automatic 35mm turret-mounted guns, the guns cooling system, a search radar, a spot-tracker laser, the fire control system, and the high mobility Leopard 1 chassis. The search radar is coupled to an IFF system is capable of detecting, tracking and identifying flying targets at up to 15 kilometers. The 35mm projectiles are expelled at different speeds depending on ammunition type, for example: HE-T (1,175 m/s), HVAPDS-T (1,385 m/s) and FAPDS (1,400 m/s).

It accommodates a crew of three-man and more than 600 rounds of ammunition. Despite the Gepard 1 air defense system primary targets are low and medium altitude aircraft, the weapon can be employed against armored vehicles at ranges of 1,500 meters. Gepard 1A1 was reported to be capable of shooting down flying targets ranging 3,500 meters, but apparently the improved Gepard 1A2 rose this mark to 5,000 meters.

The Armies of Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands ordered the Gepard anti-aircraft artillery (AAA) system to support their Leopard-based armored units. In the early 2000s, Germany sold around 10 Gepard mobile air defense systems to Romania, which became the fourth Gepard 1 operator.

FlakPz Gepard Specifications

Ammunition Load: 640
Crew: 3
Main Gun Caliber: 35 millimeter
Main Gun Max Range: 5,000 meter (3.11 mile)
Max Range: 560 kilometer
Power: 830 shp (619 kW)
Max Rate of Fire: 550 roundperminute
Top Speed: 17.3 mps (62 kph)
Combat Weight: 46,030 kilogram
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Operators & Related Equipment

ex-German units bought in 2013
Air defense system retired in 2010

Grand Total 235
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