Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: 9A51 Prima, 9K51, BM-11, BM-21, BM-21B, BM-21V, DP-62 Damba, GRADLAR, LAROM, M1964, Sakr-18 and Type 81
Parent System: Grad
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1963
Total Production: ?
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Description: BM-21 Grad, also kwon as the M-1964, is a Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) capable of delivering 122mm unguided rockets at ranges of 20 kilometers. Each 122mm caliber rocket carries 23 kg of cluster, incendiary or chemical munitions. BM-21 Grad rocket launch system is mounted on a 6x6 all terrain truck. Typically, this artillery system is equipped with 40 rocket tubes but there is a variety of versions carrying from 12 to 50 rocket tubes.
BM-21 Grad artillery systems have been sold to more than 50 international customers. Several variants of Grad were produced out of the borders of the Soviet Union with Czechoslovakian RM-70 outstanding among them. It was deployed during conflicts in the Middle East, Afghanistan, Iran-Iraq and Africa. Many third world countries rocket artillery units are based on Grad. The Soviet Army developed BM-27 Uragan MLRS as a replacement for BM-21 Grad.
Sakr-18 is a variant of BM-21 produced by Egypt for its armed forces and export customers. BM-11 is a 30-tube variant used by North Korea. Prima is a Russian high capacity variant equipped with 50 rocket tubes. Type 81 is a Chinese variant of Grad. BM-21V and BM-21B are variants equipped with 12 and 36 rocket tubes respectively. BM-21V is a lighter version intended for use by paratroopers.
The GRADLAR is a cost-effective upgrade package developed by IMI of Israel and available for users of 122mm BM-21 Grad artillery system. The upgrade adds up major components and technology from the LAR artillery rocket program. The upgraded GRADLAR system can launch either IMI's LAR or Russian/Soviet Grad rockets.�In addition, this system has an improved electrical and hydraulic system plus an advanced C4I system. Romania's LAROM is an upgraded Grad system capable of firing 160mm LAR rockets.
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