Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: NASAMS II
Parent System: NASAMS
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1998
Total Production: ?
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Description: The Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System (NASAMS) is a short/medium range, mobile air defense system intended to protect facilities and other assets against airborne threats such as cruise missiles, fighter aircraft, helicopters and/or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The NASAMS employs legacy hardware associated to the proven HAWK air defense system and the AIM-120 AMRAAM missile, as well as new hardware and components. All in, NASAMS air defense system consists of radars linked in a network, command and control systems and launch pads for AMRAAM missiles.
Each NASAMS battery consists of 3 or 4 fire distribution centers, 3 or 4 AN/TPQ-36 surveillance, acquisition, and tracking radar systems, 9 truck-mounted missile launchers with 6 AMRAAM missiles each, and 3 or 4 truck-mounted MSP 500 electro-optical sensor for visual target identification and raid size assessment. This configuration enables NASAMS to engage up to 54 targets simultaneously within a few seconds. The launchers can be located at up to 25 kilometers from the fire distribution center extending the air defense coverage.
Kongsberg is updating the NASAMS system, NASAMS II configuration, replacing the AN/TPQ-36 radars with the more capable AN/MPQ-64 Sentinel 3D radar. Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) computer technology, a new multi-role radio, and Kongsberg's Ground Based Air Defense Operations Center will be added to the NASAMS II. On 17 August 2005, the Norwegian Air Force awarded Kongsberg a MNOK 48 ($8 million) contract to integrate NATO-standard LINK 16 tactical data link onto the NASAMS II anti-aircraft system. Link 16 was expected to enhance NASAMS II NATO interoperability, mobility and enable operations in network-centric environments.
NASAMS air defense system has been deployed in the Royal Norwegian Air Force. As of November 2005, Spain acquired one one NASAMS II system delivered in 2004 and related to the Fridjotd Nansen frigates deal to be built by Spanish shipyards. NASAMS has been sold to Greece, Turkey and the United States of America to protect land-based installations. NATO Immediate Reaction Force (IRF) also ordered NASAMS air defense system.
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