Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Pantsir S1, Pantsir-S, Panzir and SA-22 Greyhound
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Description: Pantsyr-S1, or Panzir (Shell in English), is a short-range, mobile, fully autonomous air defense system combining two 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns and six 57E6-E ready-to-fire missiles in steered launch containers. It provides air defense to small-size administrative, industrial and military installations against air-to-surface missiles and strike aircraft flying at medium altitudes. Despite by default this system is being offered mounted on a 8x8 truck, Pantsyr-S1 can be mounted on tracked chassis. The fire control system comprises both a jam-resistant radar and electro-optical sight system and can fire both weapons (gun/missile) on-the-move.
Typically, Pantsyr-S1 battery includes up to six combat vehicles equipped with 8 to 12 56E6-E missiles and 1,400 30mm rounds. In addition, the battery includes a command post vehicle, transporter/loader, spare transport and repair vehicles. These vehicles are equipped with satellite-based navigation system, air conditioning, electric power supply, voice and data communications, meteorological and combat recording equipment. Each weapon system vehicle has a crew of three-man and a reaction time over 4 - 6 seconds.
The sensor package includes a target detection and designation radar, target and missile tracking radar and electro-optical systems. The first radar can detect targets of 2 square meters Radar Cross Section (RCS) at ranges between 32 - 36 km while tracking simultaneously up to 20 targets. The tracking radar is able to follow the same kind of target at ranges 24-28 km but tracking only one target and guiding up to two 57E6-E missiles. The electro-optical system has a maximum range of operation 17-26 km tracking a single target and a single missile.
Pantsir-S1 can shot down airborne threats flying up to Mach 3 (1,000 m/s) at ranges between 1.2 to 20 kilometers and altitudes varying from 5 to 10,000 meters. The two automatic anti-aircraft guns deliver a maximum rate of fire between 4,500 and 5,000 rounds per minute. The gun system is able to take out targets at ranges between 200 to 4,000 meters at altitudes between zero (on-the-ground) and 3,000 meters.
According to Russian press, the Pantsir-S1 was qualified and delivered to the Russian anti-missile defense in late 2004.
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