Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Pantsir S1, Pantsir-S, Panzir and SA-22 Greyhound
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Description: The Pantsyr or Pantsir (Shell in English), also known as SA-22 Greyhound by NATO, is a short-range, mobile, fully autonomous air defense system combining two 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns and six-to-twelve 57E6-E ready-to-fire missiles in steered launch containers. The Pantsyr was designed to provide air defense to small-size administrative, industrial and military installations against air-to-surface cruise missiles, bombs and strike aircraft flying at medium altitudes. By default this weapon system is being offered mounted on an 8x8 truck but nevertheless can be mounted on tracked chassis and other ground platforms and fixed positions even on surface ships. So far this weapon system has been adapted to four wheeled vehicles and two tracked chassis. The fire control system comprises both a jam-resistant radar and electro-optical sight system and can fire both weapons (gun/missile) while on-the-move. All in this weapon system is highly effective to counter Western subsonic cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles in close proximity. This weapon system has been designed to engage up to 10 targets per minute which is paramount to counter saturation attacks employing UAVs or small cruise missiles. In addition to airborne targets, the Pantsir weapon system can deal with both ground and sea based threats such as crafts, manpower and armored vehicles. According to Russian press, the Pantsir-S1 was qualified and delivered to the Russian anti-missile defense in late 2004 and was thereafter sold to several customers worldwide.
The Pantsyr-S1 battery includes up to six combat vehicles equipped with 8 to 12 56E6-E missiles and 1,400 30mm rounds. In addition, the battery includes a command post vehicle, transporter/loader, and spare transport and repair vehicles. These vehicles are equipped with satellite-based navigation system, air conditioning, electric power supply, voice and data communications, meteorological and combat recording equipment. Each weapon system vehicle has a crew of three-man and a reaction time over 4 - 6 seconds. Up to six vehicles can be connected using a network operating as a single air defense system against a saturation strike while covering 360-degree in azimuth. The system also features an additional protection against electronic warfare (EW) while switching its operational frequency using random numbers. Introduced in 2004 the Pantsyr-S1 achieved a major success in Syria on April 2018 countering a FUKUS (France, UK and US) strike utilizing 100+ cruise missiles such as Tactical Tomahawk, Scalp EG/Storm Shadow and AGM-158B JASSM-ER.
The sensor package includes a target detection and designation radar, target and missile tracking radar and electro-optical (infrared-based) sensor systems. The first radar can detect targets of 2 square meters Radar Cross Section (RCS) at ranges between 32 to 45 kilometers while tracking up to 20 targets simultaneously in a 45-degree cone-shaped field. The tracking radar is able to follow the same kind of target at ranges 24-28 km but tracking only one target and guiding up to two 57E6-E missiles. Each Pantsir system can guide up to four missiles simultaneously with each missile being fired after 1.5 seconds. The electro-optical system has a maximum range of operation 17-26 km tracking a single target and a single missile. Pantsir-S1 can shot down airborne threats flying up to Mach 3 (1,000 m/s) at ranges between 1.2 to 20 kilometers and altitudes varying from 5 to 10,000 meters. The two automatic anti-aircraft guns deliver a maximum rate of fire between 4,500 and 5,000 rounds per minute. The gun system is able to take out targets at ranges between 200 to 4,000 meters at altitudes between zero (on-the-ground) and 3,000 meters.
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