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Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2006
Maiden Flight: 22 March 1998
Total Production: 200
Also Known As: F-10A, J-10B, Jian-10 and Vigorous Dragon
Origin: China
Corporations: Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corporation
Parent System: J-10
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2006
Maiden Flight: 22 March 1998
Total Production: 300
Family Members: J-10B, J-10C and J-10S
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Description: The J-10 is a lightweight, single-engine, multi-role fighter developed by Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corporation (CAC) and 611 Institute for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). The high-performance J-10 aircraft has been designed as an air superiority fighter with air-to-surface capability. The aircraft's development started in the mid-1980s based upon the cancelled Israeli Air Force Lavi lightweight fighter. In the 1990s, the Russians joined the J-10 project providing the AL-31FN as the replacement engine for Chinese incapable WS-10 turbofan. The first J-10 prototype made its maiden flight in March 1998 and the aircraft achieved initial operational capability (IOC) with PLAAF by late 2003/early 2004.

The J-10 aerodynamic configuration is based on a delta-wing with canard foreplanes design with a single ventral air intake. All in, the J-10 is very similar to Eurofighter/Typhoon multi-role aircraft being procured by European countries. The J-10 aircraft is made of composite materials resulting in a high thrust-to-weight ratio with enhanced maneuverability and low drag thanks to its advanced aerodynamics. The flight control system is based on a 4-channel fly-by-wire (FBW) system. An engine digital control system provides for fuel consumption efficiency. The J-10 has been fitted with a glass cockpit and pulse-Doppler radar system capable of tracking 10 targets at ranges of up 100 km while engaging four of them simultaneously.

The J-10 aircraft has 11 external stations for weapons and auxiliary fuel tanks. For air-to-air engagements the aircraft can be equipped with PL-8 (a version of Israel's Python 3) infrared-guided short-range and PL-12 radar active medium-range missiles. Laser guided bombs, free fall bombs and rockets are provided for the air-to-ground attack role. In addition, the J-10 is provided with a single-barrel 23mm internal gun. Future plans call for the installation of the improved Chinese-built WS-10A turbofan in lieu of AL-31FN. The J-10 might be fitted with a detachable air refueling probe to extend its radius of operation or carrying a greater load of weapons. A pilot's helmet-mounted sight system is under study.

The single-seat J-10A, dubbed Vigorous Dragon, is an air superiority fighter with capabilities and performance that resemble closer to those of F-15, F-16, F-18, Mig-29 and Su-27 aircraft. The J-10 has been designed as the replacement for aging J-7 and Q-5 aircraft within the PLAAF with an estimated initial requirement for 300 aircraft. The F-10 designation refers to a export version. The J-10B is an improved version highlighting enhanced maneuverability and equipped with AL-31FN-M1 engine featuring thrust vectoring control. The J-10B maiden flight was carried out in December 2008 and is set to become the future production standard for the Chinese J-10 aircraft. Currently, CAC's assembly line is delivering 2 to 3 J-10 aircraft per month a second assembly may double that figure with approximately 60 J-10s delivered per year at full rate production.

The J-10B features a chin-mounted diffuser supersonic inlet (DSI) air inlet that rampless inlet, first tested on the FC-1/JF-17 fighter, employs a one-piece bump at the top of the inlet replacing the movable ramp parts lightening the fighter aircraft and reducing its radar cross section (RCS). The J-10B also benefits from an Infrared Search and Track (IRST) sensor to improve air-to-air engagements. The IRST is reportedly similar to the analogs utilized by the Russian Mig-29 and Su-27 aircraft. Electronic warfare (EW) capabilities are improved by a new tailfin Electronic Counter Measures (ECM) pod and four black antenna arrays attached externally to the fuselage.

J-10A Specifications

Crew: 1
External Stations: 11
Number of Engines: 1
Tracked Aerial Targets: 10
Wing Area: 39 square meter (420 square foot)
Length: 15.5 meter (51 foot)
Main Gun Caliber: 23 millimeter
Wingspan: 9.70 meter (31.8 foot)
Max Maneuvering Load Factor: 9 g
Min Maneuvering Load Factor: -3 g
Radius of Operation: 1,100 kilometer (594 nautical mile)
Take Off Run Distance: 500 meter (1,640 foot)
Top Speed at High Altitude: 2.20 mach (2,630 kph)
Top Speed at Sea Level: 1.20 mach (1,435 kph)
Empty Weight: 8,300 kilogram (18,298 pound)
Fuel Load: 4,500 kilogram (9,921 pound)
Max Takeoff Thrust: 27,557 pound (12,500 kilogram)
Max Takeoff Weight: 18,000 kilogram (39,683 pound)
Operational Weight: 13,200 kilogram (29,101 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

J-10A News

There are 7 news between
23 Dec 2009 and 12 Feb 2019
Tuesday, February 12, 2019China to Get its Sixth Generation Fighter by 2035
Wednesday, November 22, 2017China Introduces New AESA Radar for FC-1 Fighter Jet
Monday, May 22, 2017China to Provide New Lightweight AESA Radar for its Tactical Fighter Aircraft
Friday, September 9, 2016Aero Engine Corp of China To Develop Avanced Aviation Engines
Tuesday, March 6, 2012China Negotiating with Russia the Purchase of 48 Su-35 Fighter Jets
Wednesday, December 29, 2010China Testing J-20 Twin-Engine Stealth Fighter
Wednesday, December 23, 2009Burma to Buy 20 Mig-29K Fulcrum-D Fighters from Russia

Operators & Related Equipment

2014200J-10A and J-10S
China offered Pakistan a squadron of J-10B fighter aircraft in late July 2011

Grand Total 2002
Defensive Weapons
Propulsion Systems
Sensor Systems
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