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Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2006
Maiden Flight: 26 December 2003
Total Production: ?
Origin: China
Corporations: Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corporation
Parent System: J-10
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2004
Maiden Flight: 22 March 1998
Total Production: 300
Family Members: J-10A, J-10B and J-10C
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Description: The J-10 is a lightweight, single-engine, multi-role fighter developed by Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corporation (CAC) and 611 Institute for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). The high-performance J-10 aircraft has been designed as an air superiority fighter with air-to-surface capability. The aircraft's development started in the mid-1980s based upon the cancelled Israeli Air Force Lavi lightweight fighter. In the 1990s, the Russians joined the J-10 project providing the AL-31FN as the replacement engine for Chinese incapable WS-10 turbofan. The first J-10 prototype made its maiden flight in March 1998 and the aircraft achieved initial operational capability (IOC) with PLAAF by late 2003/early 2004.

The J-10 aerodynamic configuration is based on a delta-wing with canard foreplanes design with a single ventral air intake. All in, the J-10 is very similar to Eurofighter/Typhoon multi-role aircraft being procured by European countries. The J-10 aircraft is made of composite materials resulting in a high thrust-to-weight ratio with enhanced maneuverability and low drag thanks to its advanced aerodynamics. The flight control system is based on a 4-channel fly-by-wire (FBW) system. An engine digital control system provides for fuel consumption efficiency. The J-10 has been fitted with a glass cockpit and pulse-Doppler radar system capable of tracking 10 targets at ranges of up 100 km while engaging four of them simultaneously.

The J-10 aircraft has 11 external stations for weapons and auxiliary fuel tanks. For air-to-air engagements the aircraft can be equipped with PL-8 (a version of Israel's Python 3) infrared-guided short-range and PL-12 radar active medium-range missiles. Laser guided bombs, free fall bombs and rockets are provided for the air-to-ground attack role. In addition, the J-10 is provided with a single-barrel 23mm internal gun. Future plans call for the installation of the improved Chinese-built WS-10A turbofan in lieu of AL-31FN. The J-10 might be fitted with a detachable air refueling probe to extend its radius of operation or carrying a greater load of weapons. A pilot's helmet-mounted sight system is under study.

The tandem two-seat J-10S aircraft was developed to provide training to PLAAF J-10 equipped regiments. The maiden flight was carried out in December 2003 and achieved IOC in early 2006. The J-10S advanced trainer keeps all the equipment, avionics and weaponry provided to the J-10A air superiority fighter as well as its performance thus being a fully operational combat aircraft. The PLAAF may be evaluating potential derivatives of the J-10S aircraft such as a suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) and electronic attack aircraft. J-10AS and J-10BS designations refers to tandem two-seat variants based upon the J-10A and J-10B aircraft respectively.

J-10S Specifications

Crew: 2
External Stations: 11
Number of Engines: 1
Wing Area: 39 square meter (420 square foot)
Length: 15.5 meter (51 foot)
Main Gun Caliber: 23 millimeter
Wingspan: 9.70 meter (31.8 foot)
Max Maneuvering Load Factor: 9 g
Min Maneuvering Load Factor: -3 g
Radius of Operation: 1,100 kilometer (594 nautical mile)
Take Off Run Distance: 500 meter (1,640 foot)
Top Speed at High Altitude: 2.20 mach (2,630 kph)
Top Speed at Sea Level: 1.20 mach (1,435 kph)
Empty Weight: 8,300 kilogram (18,298 pound)
Fuel Load: 4,500 kilogram (9,921 pound)
Max Takeoff Thrust: 27,557 pound (12,500 kilogram)
Max Takeoff Weight: 18,000 kilogram (39,683 pound)
Operational Weight: 13,200 kilogram (29,101 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Operators & Related Equipment


Grand Total ?1
Defensive Weapons
Propulsion Systems
Sensor Systems
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