Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Jaguar A, Jaguar B T.2, Jaguar Darin II, Jaguar E, Jaguar Gr.1, Jaguar Gr.1A, Jaguar Gr.1B, Jaguar Gr.3, Jaguar Gr3A, Jaguar International, Jaguar Sepecat and Jaguar T.4
and United Kingdom
BAE Systems and Dassault-Aviation
Parent System: Jaguar
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1973
Total Production: 570
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Description: Jaguar is a twin-engine, single-seat, light ground attack aircraft developed to meet the joint requirements of French and British Air Forces. Originally it was projected as an advanced trainer with secondary ground attack capability. Finally, entered service in 1973 with the French Air Force as a supersonic low altitude ground attack aircraft. France ordered 160 single-eat Jaguar As and 40 twin-seat trainers Jaguar Es. The United Kingdom ordered 200 Jaguars, 165 single-seat Jaguar Gr.1s and 35 twin-seat T.2 Jaguar Bs, with deliveries starting in 1974.
All Jaguar models are powered by two Adour turbofan engines which gives a top speed of Mach 1.6 at high altitude or Mach 1.1 at sea level. Jaguar is equipped with two 30mm cannons, two above wing AIM-9 missiles (UK), and more than 4,500 kg of bombs and missiles such as Paveway II laser-guided bombs, AS30L laser guided missile, Sea Eagle anti-ship missile, and Magic air-to-air missiles. Jaguar Gr.1B, Jaguar Gr.3 and tandem seat T.4 are upgraded models for the Royal Air Force (UK) introduced in the 1990s.
Jaguar International was the export model which was sold to India, Nigeria, Oman and Ecuador. France, the United Kingdom and Oman deployed their Jaguars during the Gulf War in 1991 harvesting excellent results during strike missions over Iraq. Jaguars were also deployed in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s. Rafale B and Eurofighter/Typhoon are the French and British replacements for surviving Jaguars which are expected to be retired from service by 2015.
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