Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
25 June 1997
Also Known As: Hokum-B and Ka-52A
Kamov and Progress Arseniev Aircraft Company
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Description: The Kamov Ka-52 Alligator, Hokum-B NATO-codename, is a twin-seat, attack helicopter evolved from the Ka-50 Black Shark. It has been designed to engage surface and airborne targets such as armored vehicles, boats and helicopters in all-weather conditions. Its high maneuverability derived from the two three-blade coaxial main rotors enables the Ka-50/52 to outperform aerodynamically any other attack helicopters in the world. The Alligator can perform reconnaissance, close air support, escort, air-to-air, and air-to-surface missions. It can exchange data with other Ka-52 and other helicopter types as well as third party sources achieving enhanced situational awareness, combat effectiveness, etc. Ejection seats have been provided for crew survivability and reduced radar, infrared and acoustic signatures have been provided for improved aircraft survivability.
The Ka-52 Alligator armament includes a 30mm 2A42 gun, up to 12 Vikhr anti-tank missiles, 4 Igla air-to-air missiles, S-24 and other unguided rockets, gun pods, etc. The Samshite nighttime-daytime thermal sighting system has been provided to engage targets day/night and in all-weather conditions. A mast-mounted millimeter wave radar can be integrated on the Ka-52 providing enhanced situational awareness and air-to-surface missions support. Besides, the helicopter is fitted with an air surveillance radar. The two radar (ground and airborne) layout seems to be the standard combat configuration for the Ka-52 aircraft. The production Ka-52 is powered by two VK-2500 engines rated at 2,400-shp each.
The Ka-52 Alligator attack helicopter is intended to provide training for the Ka-50 helicopter as well as improved attack capability through the second crew member. Its development started in 1994, the first prototype was built in 1996, performed its maiden flight in 1997 but its serial production was initiated in 2008. The Ka-52 multirole helicopter has entered service with the Russian Air Force along with the Mi-28 aircraft in lieu of the single-seat Ka-50 helicopter. Russia has plans to procure up to 150 ground based Ka-52 attack and reconnaissance aircraft.
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