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Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1983
Maiden Flight: 1977
Total Production: 500
Also Known As: Backfire-C
Origin: Russia
Corporations: PSC Tupolev
Parent System: Tu-22M
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1983
Maiden Flight: 1977
Total Production: 500
Family Members: Tu-22M3M
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Description: The Tupolev Tu-22M3, Backfire-C NATO-codename, is a swing-wing, medium range bomber designed to strike targets in Western Europe and Asia using both nuclear and conventional weapons. It has been designed to penetrate enemy air defense at low altitude and supersonic speed making him more survivable than previous strike aircraft. In addition to the strike role, the Tu-22M3 can carry out reconnaissance and maritime patrol missions.

The nuclear-capable Tu-22M3 bomber features in-flight refueling capability for extended range missions which has been assumed as a capability for long range strikes against the United States of America. The total number of Tu22Ms ever owned by Russia was less than 300 aircraft due to treaties between the former Soviet Union and the United States.

The Tu-22M3 entered service with the Soviet Union's Air Force in 1983. It is the last derivative of the proven Tu-22M medium range bomber. Compared to its predecessors it has an enhanced aerodynamic design and improved overall performance. The aircraft is powered by two NK-25 turbofan engines each rated at 55,115-lb of thrust. As of 2008, the Russian Air Force was operating 141 aircraft of this type.

Tu-22M3 Specifications

Crew: 4
Number of Engines: 2
Length: 43 meter (139 foot)
Main Gun Caliber: 23 millimeter
Wingspan: 34 meter (112 foot)
Ceiling: 14,000 meter (45,932 foot)
Max Range: 6,800 kilometer (3,672 nautical mile)
Cruise Speed: 1,008 kph (545 KTAS)
Top Speed at High Altitude: 2,000 kph (1,081 KTAS)
Max Takeoff Thrust: 110,230 pound (50,000 kilogram)
Max Takeoff Weight: 126 ton (277,778 pound)
Payload: 24,000 kilogram (52,910 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Tu-22M3 News

There are 25 news between
5 Aug 2009 and 23 Dec 2019
1  2  3  
Monday, December 23, 2019Russia Could Develop Unmanned Sixth Generation Bomber by 2040
Thursday, December 6, 2018Russia May Develop Scaled Down Kinzhal to Fit Into Su-57 Internal Weapons Bay
Friday, November 9, 2018Russian Kh-101 an d Kh-102 Cruise Missiles to Get Electronic Warfare Capabilities
Thursday, August 16, 2018Russia Rolls Out First Fully Upgraded Tu-22M3M Bomber
Thursday, August 2, 2018Chinese H-6K Bomber Testing New Hypersonic Anti-Ship Missile
Saturday, July 14, 2018Russia Testing Kinzhal Hypersonic Missile and Integrating it onto Tu-22M3 Bomber
Thursday, December 7, 2017Russian Air Force MiG-29SMT Fighters Proven in Syria
Friday, November 17, 2017Russian Air Force Tu-22M3M Bomber to Feature Kh-32 and Izdeliye 715 Cruise Missiles
Tuesday, July 25, 2017Russian Aerospace Forces to Get 15 Mi-38-2 Helicopters by 2020
Saturday, July 8, 2017Russian Military Outlines Advantages of Kh-101 Cruise Missiles

Operators & Related Equipment

2014100Tu-22M3 and Tu-22MR

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