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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Blinder, Tu-22K, Tu-22P, Tu-22PD, Tu-22RD, Tu-22RDM, Tu-22RM and Tu-22U
Parent System: Tu-22
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1961
Total Production: 300
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Description: Tupolev Tu-22 was a twin-engine, supersonic, medium-range bomber intended to perform both nuclear and conventional air strikes replacing Tu-16 bombers. Due to its poor performance the Tu-22 never replaced subsonic Tu-16. The Soviet Union developed this aircraft in the 1950s achieving initial operational capability (IOC) in the early 1960s. Powered by two turbojet engines each rated at 36,000-lb with afterburning Tu-22 can achieve top speeds of Mach 1.5+ at high altitude.
Tu-22 series production started in the late 1950s and lasted for over 10 years with around 250 to 300 aircraft built for the Soviet Union Air Force and several export customers. NATO dubbed this bomber as Blinder. Like the Tu-16 Badger, Tu-22 variants assumed a wide spectrum of missions such as maritime attack, reconnaissance and electronic warfare (EW) jamming aircraft. In the late 1990s the Ukrainian Air Force was the only operator for the aircraft type. Currently, Tu-22 Blinders are no longer serviceable.
Number of Engines: 2
Height: 10.7 meter (35.1 foot)
Length: 43 meter (140 foot)
Main Gun Caliber: 23 millimeter
Wingspan: 23.5 meter (77 foot)
Ceiling: 15,000 meter (49,213 foot)
Max Range: 7,150 kilometer (3,861 nautical mile)
Cruise Speed: 232 mps (835 kph)
Top Speed at High Altitude: 448 mps (1,613 kph)
Empty Weight: 48,100 kilogram (106,041 pound)
Max Takeoff Thrust: 72,750 pound (32,999 kilogram)
Max Takeoff Weight: 94,000 kilogram (207,231 pound)
Payload: 12,000 kilogram (26,455 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
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