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Tu-95MS  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1984
Total Production: ?
Also Known As: Bear-H, Tu-95K Bear-B, Tu-95K-22 Bear-G, Tu-95KD Bear-B, Tu-95KM Bear-C, Tu-95M Bear-A, Tu-95MR Bear-E, Tu-95MS-16 Bear-H6, Tu-95MS-6 Hear-H16, Tu-95MSM, Tu-95RT Bear-D and Tu-95U Bear-T
Origin: Russia
Corporations: KAPO Gorbunov and PSC Tupolev
Parent System: Tu-95
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): April 1956
Maiden Flight: 12 November 1952
Total Production: ?
Family Members: Tu-142
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Description: The Tupolev Tu-95 is a turboprop-powered strategic bomber, dubbed Bear by NATO, developed by the Soviet Union to hit targets deep inside the United States soil. The T-95 design derived from the T-4 bull bomber. Powered by four NK-12M turboprop engines rated at approximately 12,000-shp to 15,000-shp each aircraft had longer range and slightly lower cruise speed than turbojet powered bombers of the early 1950s. The engines drive eight-blade counter rotating propellers which are more efficient than traditional propellers and features a swept wing. Overall, Tu-95 strategic bomber equipped with nuclear weapons can cruise at speeds over Mach 0.82 on the later models such as the Tu-95MS. It first flew on November 12, 1952. The Soviet Union Air Force deployed the Tu-95M high altitude bomber equipped with free fall nuclear weapons in April 1956.

The first version called Tu-95M, Bear-A NATO name, was introduced in 1956. The Soviet Air Force also referred to this version as Tu-20. The Tu-95U, Bear-T NATO name, aircraft was intended to provide training for bomber pilots. The Tu-95K, Bear-B NATO name, was equipped with a nose mounted radar and designed to release standoff weapons instead of free fall bombs due to new developments of air defense systems in the late 1950s. The Bear-B was armed with a single Kh-20 cruise missile. The Tu-95KD were K models equipped with air refueling probes. The Tu-95KM, Bear-C, was provided with ELINT capability. The Tu-95K-22, Bear-G, was armed with two Kh-22 cruise missiles and improved electronic warfare capabilities. The Tu-95RT Bear-D introduced in the 1960s was an ELINT and reconnaissance aircraft. The TU-95MR Bear-E is also a reconnaissance version derived from surplus Tu-95M aircraft.

The Tu-95MS, Bear-H NATO name, is a new version introduced in the early 1980s equipped with more powerful NK-12MV engines, a new cockpit and improved airframe proven on the Tu-142M Bear-F maritime patrol aircraft. The Tu-95MS was designed to carry up to 16 Kh-55 cruise missiles equipped with nuclear warhead. The Tu-95MS-6 refers a configuration with six Kh-55 missiles in a rotary launcher inside the weapons bay. The Tu-95MS-16 is fitted with external weapon stations loading 16 Kh-15 supersonic standoff missiles. The rear fuselage mounted GSh-23L 23mm cannon turret provides self-defense against airborne threats. After the collapse of the former Soviet Union, Russia and Ukraine became the only operators for the Tu-95 aircraft. The Tu-95MS is the only variant in active duty with the Russian Air Force.

As of 2010, the Russian Air Force is upgrading its existing Tu-95MS fleet with improved avionics and new weapons to carry out both strategic and conventional bombing missions. The Kh-101 and Kh-102 cruise missiles are part of the new weaponry developed for the upgraded bombers which may remain operational at least until 2020-2025. The first Tu-95MSM bomber was delivered to the Russian Air Force on November 21, 2015. These upgraded aircraft can carry up to eight Kh-101/kh-102 cruise missiles externally and their service life has been extended for another 10 years.

Tu-95MS Specifications

Crew: 7
Number of Engines: 4
Propeller Blades: 8
Area
Wing Area: 290 square meter (3,122 square foot)
Dimensions
Height: 13.3 meter (44 foot)
Length: 49 meter (161 foot)
Main Gun Caliber: 23 millimeter
Wingspan: 50 meter (164 foot)
Performance
Ceiling: 39,370 foot (12,000 meter)
Max Range: 12,800 kilometer (6,911 nautical mile)
Power
Max Power at TakeOff: 60,000 shp
Speed
Cruise Speed: 710 kph (384 KTAS)
Top Speed at High Altitude: 925 kph (500 KTAS)
Top Speed at Sea Level: 650 kph (0.54 mach)
Time
Flight Endurance: 25 hour
Weight
Empty Weight: 120,000 kilogram (264,550 pound)
Max Takeoff Weight: 187,000 kilogram (412,257 pound)
Payload: 20,000 kilogram (44,092 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Tu-95MS News

There are 23 news between
21 Aug 2007 and 18 May 2017
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Thursday, May 18, 2017Russian Air Force Envisages Tu-160M2 Bomber as Interim Solution before PAK DA Bomber
Saturday, May 13, 2017Russian Air Force to Install SVN-24 Guidance System on Tu-22M3 Bombers
Thursday, April 27, 2017PAK DA Bomber to Take to the Skies in 2025 or 2026
Friday, February 24, 2017PAK DA Bomber to Feature Extreme Stealth, Advanced EW and Artificial Intelligence Missiles
Friday, February 17, 2017Russian Kh-101 Cruise Missiles Strike ISIS Targets in Syria
China Unveils Some Features of the H-20 Long Range Strike Bomber
Friday, October 14, 2016Russian PAK DA Strategic Bomber to Be Unveiled in 2018
Saturday, November 21, 2015Russian Air Force Takes Delivery of First Upgraded Tu-95MSM Strategic Bomber
Wednesday, November 18, 2015Russian Air Force Used Kh-101 Cruise Missiles to Strike ISIL
Tuesday, November 17, 2015Russian Air Force Tu-95MS, Tu-22M3 and Tu-160 Bombers Strike ISIS Targets in Syria

Operators & Related Equipment


OperatorsItems
Russia64
As of April 2006, approximately only 64 Tu-95s are designated by the Russian Federation as strategic bombers entitled to release weapons armed with nuclear warheads.
YearHoldings
202064
201660upgraded Tu-95MS (20) aircraft plus 40 Tu-95MS
201463Tu-95MS6 (32) and Tu-95MS16 (31)
Jun 201263
200840

Grand Total 642
Cannons & Gear
GSh-23Lx1
Defensive Weapons
ATBIPx1
Offensive Weapons
Kh-101x8
Kh-102x8
Kh-15x16
Kh-20x1
Kh-22x2
Kh-55x6
Kh-555x6
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