Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
25 April 1996
Also Known As: Mitten, Yak-133, Yak-133IB, Yak-133PP and Yak-133R
AS Yakovlev, IRKUT Corporation and Sokol
Parent System: Yak-130
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): July 2009
Maiden Flight: 25 April 1996
Total Production: 302
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Description: The Yakovlev Yak-130 is a twin-seat tandem cockpit, advanced training aircraft powered by two turbojet engines, equipped with fly-by-wire controls and three multifunctional liquid crystal displays. Originally, Yakovlev developed the Yak-130 as the replacement for the L-29 and L-39 training aircraft in the Russian Air Force and foreign air forces all over the world. It is designed to provide advanced training suitable for 4th and 5th generation fighter aircraft at lower costs than those trainers it is meant to supersede. In addition, the Yak-130 features a limited ground attack capability being capable of delivering a wide range of guided and unguided weapons.
The Yak-130 was originally developed jointly by Yakovlev of Russia and Aermacchi, a Finmeccanica company, of Italy to meet the requirements of both countries' air forces. Both companies decided to step down the common aircraft program which led Aermacchi to develop the M-436 based upon the expertise gained during the Yak-130 program. In August 2005, Irkut, the parent company of Yakovlev, and Aermacchi signed an agreement on development of an international version of the aircraft and further versions as well.
Actually, the Yak-130 airplane developed for the Russian Air Force is an aircraft family. This family includes Yak-133 fighter, Yak-133IB fighter bomber, Yak-133R reconnaissance aircraft, Yak-133PP Jammer/Trainer, Yak-133 shipborne trainer and Yak-133 unmanned reconnaissance attack aircraft. In connection with the agreements signed on 18 August 2005, Finmeccanica's Alenia Aeronautica and Aermacchi are in partnership with Yakovlev/Irkut in the development of unmanned aerial vehicle technologies based on the Yak-130 airframe.
The Russian Air Force Yak-130/133 aircraft family will be powered by two NPO Saturn Al-222-25 turbojet engines rated at 5,510 pounds each. Coupled with the aircraft aerodynamics will allow Yak-130 to maneuver duplicating all modes of modern and advanced combat aircraft. Angles of attack of up to 40 degrees can be attained thanks to this. The engines have been designed to enable high sustained maneuver g-load, fast take off and climbing performance.
The Yak-130 can carry up to 3,000 kg of payload in nine external hard points; six under wing, one under inner fuselage and two wingtips. Bombs, missiles, targeting pods, external fuel tanks, surveillance equipment and countermeasures can be loaded onto the aircraft. The air intakes can be closed with doors when the aircraft is running on the ground allowing to take off from unprepared/dirty airfields like the Mig-29 Fulcrum. The pilot features a helmet-mounted target designation system.
From early in the 1990s, Yakovlev's Yak-130 and MAPO-MIG Mig-AT were in close competition to replace the Russian Air Force L-29/39 fleet. In 2002, the Russian Air Force selected the Yak-130 aircraft with roughly 300 aircraft to be produced through 2015. The first Yak-130 was expected to achieve initial operational capability by 2006. The next generation trainer requirement issued by the Russian Air Force calls for an airframe with more than 10,000 flight hours or over 30 years of service life.
In August 2005 Svezda company announced that the BKDU-130 oxygen generator system development was completed on the Mig-29M aircraft. The new oxygen generator system was meant to remove the oxygen bottles from Russian manufactured fighter aircraft such as the Mig-29M. Mig-29K, Mig-29KUB, Mig-AT, and Yak-130. Moreover, Svezda stated that there was an agreement between the Russian Air Force and the design bureaus Mig, Yakovlev and Sukhoi on this issue.
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