Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
14 January 2013
14 December 2007
EUR€56 million (USD$67 million)
Also Known As: HA-28 Tigre, Hélicoptère d'Attaque et Destruction and Tiger HAD-E
Corporations: Airbus Helicopters
Parent System: Tiger
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Family Members: Tiger ARH
, Tiger HAP
and Tiger UHT
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Description: The Tiger is a lightweight, two-seat, attack helicopter designed to perform a wide range of missions. It is available in combat fire support and anti-tank configurations. It features and advanced design with extensive use of composites and state-of-the-art avionics. It can accommodate anti-tank and air-to-air missiles, 68mm rockets, and small/medium caliber guns as well as advanced sights. The Tiger attack helicopter has been selected by the France, Germany and Australia for their armed forces. France plans to purchase up to 215 Tigers, Germany 212, and Australia 22 Tiger ARHs. Germany and France placed an initial order for 80 Tigers each through 2011. The Tiger helicopter features high survivability over preceding helicopter generations through reduced infrared, visual, radar and acoustic signatures. In addition, the cockpit can be ejected in the event of a fatal failure or damage, saving the crew. The Tiger also features low costs of ownership and reduced maintainability.
The Tiger HAD (Hélicoptère d'Attaque et Destruction) evolved from the Tiger HAP helicopter to meet the requirements of the French Army for fire support/anti-tank helicopter in just a single configuration. It features 14% more powerful engines, Mistral air-to-air missiles, a nose-mounted 30mm cannon, rocket pods, and Trigat LR anti-tank missiles. The Tiger HAD should match the combat-proven AH-64 Apache helicopter performance assuming fire support and anti-tank capabilities integrated into a single platform. Originally, the Tiger program envisaged two different configurations Tiger HAP and Tiger UHT for fire-support and attack roles. The Tiger HAD helicopter has been ordered by the French Army replacing previously ordered Tiger HAPs. In 2003, the Spanish Army ordered 24 Tiger HAD helicopters to be delivered by 2007. Tiger HAD configuration development costs will be funded by both the French and Spanish armies. The estimated acquisition cost of 24 Tiger HADs by the Spanish Army is valued at about €1.35 billion.
The first of 24 Tiger HADs ordered by the Spanish Army will be ready for operational service in 2008 and the first French Tiger HAD will achieve IOC (Initial Operational Capability) in 2009. France will procure 35 Tiger HADs switching half of its requirements for Tiger HAPs originally stated at 70. On December 8. 2004, the governments of Spain and France signed the Tiger HAD development contract in Toulouse, France. OCCAR will act as the contracting authority for the HAD program that will deliver 40 helicopters to France, five more than initial statement, and 24 helicopters for the Spanish Army. France will take delivery of its first Tiger HAD in 2010.
OCCAR, Rheinmetall and Thales signed a production contract, worth 236 million euros, of Tiger combat helicopter simulators. The signing ceremony was conducted in Bonn, Germany, on March 16, 2005. The contract calls for 18 simulators to be produced, nine mission simulators and nine trainers, with associated support equipment and services and an option for a further 11 simulators. Simulators will be based at joint Franco-German Tiger training center at Le Luc, France, and in operational regiments in both Germany (Fritzlar and Roth) and France (Pau and Étain). Around 60 pilots will be trained each year at Le Luc training center. Simulators deliveries are expected to begin in 2006 and will continue through 2012. The Australian Army will get four simulators, still under development, of its Tiger ARH with the first delivery anticipated in early 2006.
Eurocopter created a new manufacturing plant in Albacete, Spain, near Los Llanos Spanish Air Force Base in accordance with Spain's Tiger HAD program. The new facility received green light in May 2005 and is meant to provide support to EC135 production as well as Tiger helicopter. French HAD helicopters would be assembled at Marignane. In late November 2005 France, Spain and Germany defense procurement agencies signed the formal contract concerning Tiger HAD development and production. The contract called for production of 18 Tiger HAD and retrofit of 6 HAP helicopters for Spain. France was expected to officially execute a contract change of 30 HAP and 10 HAC by 40 HAD aircraft during 2006. Tiger HAD initial operational capability was delayed to 2010 with aircraft deliveries beginning in 2010 through 2014.
EuroGrid is the common tactical mission computer and flight data recorder provided to Tiger and NH90 helicopters, including Tiger HAD. EuroGrid is manufactured by EADS Defence & Security Systems.
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