AGM-114K Hellfire II
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: AGM-114K1, AGM-114K2A and TGM-M36E4
Origin: United States of America
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Description: The AGM-114 Hellfire missile was designed to defeat armored vehicles at standoff ranges. The primary US Army platforms carrying this missile are the AH-64 Apache and AH-1 Cobra attack helicopters. However, the Hellfire missile can be launched from other helicopters and airborne platforms. In the latest models, the missile system has expanded its spectrum of targets to take out fortifications and hostile forces protected in urban terrain.
The guidance system of the Hellfire has evolved from the semi-active laser in early models to the last generation millimeter wave guidance. The AGM-114 is a precision guided, subsonic missile with a maximum range of up to 8,000 meters. The Hellfire missile saw combat for the first time during the Gulf War in 1991 (Operation Desert Storm) achieving a great victory over Iraqi armored forces. Since then, the weapon has been deployed in many conflicts by US and allied forces across the world.
The AGM-114K Hellfire features electro-optical countermeasures resistance capability, better performance in presence of obscurants (smoke, dust, water vapor, sea spray), automatic target reacquisition after loss of track in low clouds, and multi-platform launching (helicopter, ground vehicle and patrol boat). Hellfire II is a reprogrammable, shipboard operations enabled and modular missile.
The K model also retains the improvements applied to the F model and the optimized tandem warhead.
The TGM-M36E4 is a guided training variant of the Hellfire II missiles. On May 25, 2006, the Army awarded a $134 million contract to Lockheed Martin for procurement of AGM-114K, AGM-114M, and AGM-114N Hellfire II combat missiles and TGM-M36E4 training missiles.
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