AGM-114R Hellfire II
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: AGM-114R3 Hellfire II and AGM-114R9X Hellfire II
Origin: United States of America
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Description: The AGM-114 Hellfire missile was designed to defeat armored vehicles at standoff ranges. The primary US Army platforms carrying this missile are the AH-64 Apache and AH-1 Cobra attack helicopters. However, the Hellfire missile can be launched from other helicopters and airborne platforms. In the latest models, the missile system has expanded its spectrum of targets to take out fortifications and hostile forces protected in urban terrain.
The guidance system of the Hellfire has evolved from the semi-active laser in early models to the last generation millimeter wave guidance. The AGM-114 is a precision guided, subsonic missile with a maximum range of up to 8,000 meters. The Hellfire missile saw combat for the first time during the Gulf War in 1991 (Operation Desert Storm) achieving a great victory over Iraqi armored forces. Since then, the weapon has been deployed in many conflicts by US and allied forces across the world.
The AGM-114R Hellfire II is a multi-functional missile fitted with a new multi-purpose warhead that enables a single missile to cover all of the target sets of the current laser-guided Hellfire II variants. It will be released from helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The AGM-114R is being designed to take out everything from armor and air defense systems to patrol boats and enemy combatants in SUVs or caves. In addition to the laser guidance system, the new variant is fitted with an inertial measurement unit that allows the missile to hit targets which located behind the launch platform. The AGM-114R will enable to meet many contingencies with a single missile. The first flight of an AGM-114R test missile occurred in October 2009. The AGM-114R9X Hellfire II is a non-explosive variant used to kill terrorists.
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