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Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1997
Total Production: ?
Also Known As: FD-2000, FT-2000, HongQi-9 and HQ-9A
Origin: China
Corporations: CPMIEC
Parent System: HQ-9
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1997
Total Production: ?
Family Members: HQ-9B
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Description: The HQ-9 is a long-range surface-to-air missile intended to counter a wide spectrum of airborne threats such as supersonic aircraft, helicopters cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). It was designed by the China Academy of Defence Technology to counter targets at ranges of up to 200 kilometers and altitudes of up to 30,000 meters. The HQ-9 missile is utilized by a mobile ground-based air defense known as HQ-9A and its naval version which is being provided to surface combatants.

The HQ-9 missile development started in the 1980s and leverages features from both the Patriot and S-300 surface-to-air missiles. The HQ-9 has a track-via-missile terminal guidance system and proximity fuze taken from the Patriot and 'cold-launch' and aerodynamics from tube-launched S-300 missiles. Cold launch means the missile's rocket engine ignites after the missile has been ejected from its launch tube. In comparison, Western vertically launched missiles ignite inside the launch tube which requires sophisticated pipelines to evacuate the exhaust gas.

The FT-2000 is a proposed version designed to counter airborne radar emitters such as E-3 AWACS. To do so, the FT-2000 is equipped with a passive radar seeker that tracks radar emissions from EW aircrafts. Both missiles, HQ-9 and FT-2000, may be promoted to the export market. The People's Liberation Army (PLA) first deployed the HQ-9 missile in 1997. The HQ-9 along with the S-300 missile systems are the successors to the PLA's aging HQ-2/SA-2 Guideline air defense systems.

HQ-9 Applications

Artillery Systems HQ-9A Fighting Ships Type 052C Protection Systems HHQ-9A

HQ-9 Specifications

Max Range: 200 kilometer (108 nautical mile)
Target's Max Altitude: 30,000 meter (18.6 mile)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

HQ-9 News

There are 5 news between
9 Oct 2013 and 27 Feb 2018
Tuesday, February 27, 2018China Military Exports Booming
Monday, August 29, 2016Chinese Military Claims HQ-9, HQ-12 and HQ-6 Air Defense Systems Ready for Combat
Thursday, March 19, 2015China Confirms Turkish Order for HQ-9 Air Defense Systems
Monday, February 2, 2015Uzbetkistan and Turkmenistan Getting HQ-9 Missile Systems and Pterodactyl Attack Drones from China
Wednesday, October 9, 2013Turkey to Buy 12 FD-2000 Long-Range Air Defense Systems from China

Operators & Related Equipment

Strategic air defense system (HQ-9/FD-2000) ordered by Turkey in September 2013 under a $3 billion deal. The contract was cancelled in November 2015.

Grand Total ?4
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