Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: AA-10 Alamo-E
Tactical Missiles Corporation (KTRV)
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Description: The R-27, also known as AA-10 Alamo by Western intelligence, is a family of medium range air-to-air missiles originally designed to fit the last generation of Soviet Air Force air defense fighter aircraft such as Mig-23, Mig-29 and Su-27 deployed in the 1980s. Their purpose is to engage a variety of airborne targets day/night in all weather conditions in the front and rear hemisphere in heavy clutter environments. It features a modular design architecture to accommodate a variety of seekers and propulsion systems for extended range. The R-27 missile variants are fitted with a proximity and target impact fuze and a 39 kg rod-type warhead. The R-27 missile family has been assigned as the Soviet counterpart to the United States AIM-7 Sparrow but the R-27 enjoys more range and more flexibility. The basic R-27 missile achieved initial operational capability in 1982 with the Soviet Air Force.
The R-27EA is the latest variant of the R-27 air-to-air missile. It is fitted with an active radar seeker and has a maximum range in excess of 130 kilometers. The Russian Air Force and Russian Navy may use the R-27EA missile onboard its Mig-29SMT, Mig-35, Su-27SM2, Su-33, Su-30SM, Su-30M2, Su-34 and Su-35.
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