Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: AA-10 Alamo-C and R-27ER1
Tactical Missiles Corporation (KTRV)
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Description: The R-27, also known as AA-10 Alamo by Western intelligence, is a family of medium range air-to-air missiles originally designed to fit the last generation of Soviet Air Force air defense fighter aircraft such as Mig-23, Mig-29 and Su-27 deployed in the 1980s. Their purpose is to engage a variety of airborne targets day/night in all weather conditions in the front and rear hemisphere in heavy clutter environments. It features a modular design architecture to accommodate a variety of seekers and propulsion systems for extended range. The R-27 missile variants are fitted with a proximity and target impact fuze and a 39 kg rod-type warhead. The R-27 missile family has been assigned as the Soviet counterpart to the United States AIM-7 Sparrow but the R-27 enjoys more range and more flexibility. The basic R-27 missile achieved initial operational capability in 1982 with the Soviet Air Force.
The R-27RE, R-27ER1 production standard, is a medium range, semi-active radar guided missile with a maximum range of 60 kilometers. It is powered by a single two-mode solid rocket providing a top speed of Mach 4 and increased range compared to R-27R1. The longer range was also aimed at engaging Western Early Airborne Warning and Control (AEW&C) aircraft such as E-2 Hawkeye and E-3 Sentry. Compared to the basic R-27R, it is wider at the two-mode solid rocket section. The R-27RE was supplied to the Mig-29 and Su-27 fighter aircraft beginning in the mid-1980s.
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