Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: AA-10 Alamo-A and R-27R1
Tactical Missiles Corporation (KTRV)
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Description: The R-27, also known as AA-10 Alamo by Western intelligence, is a family of medium range air-to-air missiles originally designed to fit the last generation of Soviet Air Force air defense fighter aircraft such as Mig-23, Mig-29 and Su-27 deployed in the 1980s. Their purpose is to engage a variety of airborne targets day/night in all weather conditions in the front and rear hemisphere in heavy clutter environments. It features a modular design architecture to accommodate a variety of seekers and propulsion systems for extended range. The R-27 missile variants are fitted with a proximity and target impact fuze and a 39 kg rod-type warhead. The R-27 missile family has been assigned as the Soviet counterpart to the United States AIM-7 Sparrow but the R-27 enjoys more range and more flexibility. The basic R-27 missile achieved initial operational capability in 1982 with the Soviet Air Force.
The R-27R, R-27R1 production standard, is a medium range, semi-active radar guided missile with a maximum range of 50 kilometers. It is powered by a single one-mode solid-fuel rocket developing a top speed of Mach 4. The R-27R was supplied to the Mig-29 and Su-27 fighter aircraft, as well as other existing Soviet fighters such as the Mig-23 Flogger, in the early 1980s.
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