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Type 81  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Total Production: ?
Also Known As: SAM-1 and SAM-1C
Origin: Japan
Corporations: Toshiba
Parent System: Type 81
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Total Production: ?
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Description: The Type 81, also known as SAM-1 and SAM-1C, is a short-range surface-to-air missile developed by Toshiba for the Japan Defense Agency (JDA). The SAM-1 is fitted with an infrared radar seeker and was fielded with the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF), Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) and Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF). The SAM-1C is an improved version with a more complex guidance system and slightly longer airframe. The SAM-1C guidance system combines target imagery with an infrared and radar homing heads.

The Type 81 missile was designed for integration onto ground-based and sea-based platforms. The JGSDF is the only operator of the improved SAM-1C missile which has been integrated onto wheeled chassis. The missiles are mounted on a rotating turret on two launching ramps. The SAM-1C is capable of engaging two different airborne targets simultaneously and features improved performance in heavy clutter and countermeasures environments than SAM-1.

Type 81 Specifications

Diameter: 160 millimeter (6.30 inch)
Length: 2.70 meter (106 inch)
Wingspan: 600 millimeter (23.6 inch)
Weight: 100 kilogram (220 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Operators & Related Equipment


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