Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Type A-19
Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft GmbH
Parent System: Gotland
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1996
Total Production: 3
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Description: The Gotland-class submarines are a follow-on VasterGotland-class (Type A-17) submarines being designed to perform a wide range of missions. They are powered by the Stirling air independent propulsion (AIP) system which improves the overall performance of non-nuclear submarines allowing them to remain submerged for longer periods of time. The Gotland submarines feature 4 533mm and 2 400mm torpedo tubes able to launch torpedoes, missile and mines.
In addition to the Stirling AIP system the Gotland submarines feature extreme shock resistance, low signatures, and a powerful combat system. They feature 4 control surfaces in X-configuration fitted at the stern and 2 at the sail providing excellent maneuverability.
The Swedish Navy ordered and commissioned three Gotland-class submarines in the 1990s. These submarines will perform anti-surface warfare (ASuW), anti-submarine warfare (ASW), mine laying, forward surveillance, and special operations missions.
In October 2004, it was made public that the US Navy was pursuing a long term lease agreement with Swedish government for one fully-equipped Gotland-class submarine that would be used for training purposes in the challenging coastal environment. The US Navy only operates large nuclear-powered submarines such as Virginia, Los Angeles and Sea Wolf classes. The conventionally-powered state-of-the-art Gotland-class submarine would assume aggressor roles during US naval exercises while performing in coastal environments. A 12-month leasing agreement between the United States of America and the Swedish government was confirmed in early November 2004. The final bilateral agreement was signed on March 21, 2005. The Swedish submarine Gotland Arrived San Diego in California on 27 June 2005. In June 2006, the Swedish government approved a US request allowing the HMS Gotland to extend its stay for a further 12-month.
In January 2006 the Swedish Defense Materiel Administration (FMV) awarded Saab a contract for the supply of four SESUB 960 command and control systems to the Swedish Navy's Gotland and Sodermanland submarines. SESUB 960 were designed to provide network-based defense capabilities. In addition, the order also included improvements to the navigation system, sensor management and weapons handling as well as a crew training facility on land.
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