Description: The Project 21956 multi-purpose destroyer represents the fourth generation of Russian surface fighting ships developed by the Severnoye Design Bureau. The launch of this 9,000-ton class destroyer was announced in December 2007. The ship is designed to engage surface combatants and submarines, support anti-submarine and air defense missions in blue waters and sea areas in surface groups and task forces. The destroyer is also capable of providing fire support on-shore during amphibious assaults. Overall, the Project 21956 is the Russian counterpart to the US Navy's proven DDG 51 Arleigh A. Burke class destroyer but featuring lethal technologies such as supersonic anti-ship missiles. It is build around extensive stealth technology reducing the ship's radar cross section (RCS) for enhanced survivability against hostile radar detection and attacks by advanced anti-ship missiles. Project 21956 also features an integrated combat management system operating as a network for higher degree of survivability. It seems aimed primarily at the export market for emerging Navies such as those of China and India.
The Project 21956's M96 two-shaft main gas-turbine assembly with power output of 54,420 KW (74,000 hp) propulsion system consists of two D090 cruise gas turbine engines developing 10,650 KW (14,500 hp) each and two DT-59 boost gas turbine engines developing 16,560 KW (22,500 hp) each. Besides, four diesel generators provide an power output of 1,250 KW each. The propulsion system allows a top speed of 29.5 knots and an economical speed of 18 knots with a maximum range of 5,800 nautical miles. The ship's stability allows to operate the armament and machinery at up to sea state 5 levels. It also features an aft flight deck and hangar for two Ka-28/Ka-31 helicopters to support anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and anti-surface warfare (ASuW) missions. The sensor suite of Project 21956 destroyer includes Fregat MAE-3 and Fregat MAE-4K multifunction air surveillance radars, Mineral-ME surface search radar, Zarya-ME-03 hull-mounted sonar system, Vinyetka-EM towed sonar array, TK-25E electronic countermeasure system and KT-308-5 passive jamming system.
The ship's air defense weapon systems include: one AK-130 130mm twin-barrel multi-purpose gun with 5P-10-02E fire control radar and a maximum range of 23 kilometers; Rif-M extended range air defense system with 3Ts-48E control system and six 3S-48E launchers at bow deck, each launcher has eight 48N6E2 missiles or four 9M96 missiles replacing each 48N6E2 missile; and Kashtan-M short-range air defense system with 3R86-ME command module, 3R87-1E combat module and eight 9M311-1 missiles as well as 30mm rounds. The anti-ship and anti-submarine weapon systems are located at the aft deck. ASW weapons include: 3Ts-14E launchers with 91RTE2 anti-submarine rockets; and TPU/4 missile-torpedo launchers for 91RE1 anti-submarine rocket or torpedoes of UGST or UETT type. ASuW weapons consist of the Kalibr-NKE weapon systems which comprises the 3R-14N fire control system, 3S-14E launchers and up to 16 3M54TE subsonic cruise missiles, 3M54E supersonic cruise missiles or 91RTE2 rockets carrying an anti-ship torpedo. The 3M54TE/3M54E missiles are intended to engage either surface ships or targets onshore at ranges of 220 kilometers. Nevertheless, the weapon system may include tailored weapon systems according to customer requirements such as BrahMos supersonic missile and/or BrahMos 2 hypersonic missile replacing Club-N missile system.
Project 21956 Specifications
Number of Aircraft: 2 Dimensions Beam: 19 meter (62 foot)
Draft: 5.55 meter (18.2 foot)
Length: 163 meter (535 foot)
Main Gun Caliber: 130 millimeter Performance Max Range: 5,800 nautical mile (10,742 kilometer) Power Boost Power: 33,120 kW (44,397 shp)
Cruise Power: 21,300 kW (28,552 bhp)
Total Combined Power: 54,420 kW (72,949 hp) Speed Economical Speed: 18 knot
Top Speed: 29.5 knot (15.2 mps) Time Mission Endurance: 30 day Weight Full Displacement: 9,000 ton
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)