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Project 949A  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1986
Total Production: 11
Also Known As: Antey and Oscar II
Origin: Russia
Corporations: Rubin and Sevmash
Parent System: Project 949A
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1986
Total Production: 13
Family Members: Project 09852 and Project 949M
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Description: The Project 949A class nuclear-powered submarines, Antey Russian nickname and Oscar II NATO-codename, are an improved derivative of the Project 949 class, Oscar or Oscar I NATO-codename. They were designed by the Soviet Union to engage US aircraft carrier strike groups and larger ships at long ranges. The Granit long range anti-ship missile is their main armament with 24 missiles carried by each Antey submarine. The Granit missiles are located inside angled vertical tubes with 12 tubes at each side of the ship. They can be fired while the ship remains submerged minimizing the risk of detection by airborne assets and surface ships.

The Soviet Navy commissioned the first Project 949A submarine in 1986. There are plans to keep the operational Antey submarines in service through 2020 when they should be decommissioned. Some plans call for a replacement of Granit missiles by another faster, long range, anti-ship missile. The new missile could be the Yakhont developed to engage AEGIS-protected ships but still remains uncertain. The Russian Navy plans to build 10 or more Project 855 Yasen class nuclear submarines equipped with 24 cruise missiles as replacement for the Project 949A and Project 971/971A boats.

In addition to the 24 vertical tubes, the Project 949A boats are equipped with four 533mm and four 650mm torpedo tubes enabled to launch torpedoes and missiles. Project 949A submarines are quietest than Project 949 and also feature improved maneuverability. The Russian Navy thinks of Project 949A ships as one of its most valuable submarines. Their built-in satellite-based targeting system and its accuracy back that thought.

Project 949A Specifications

Crew: 100
Number of Weapons: 24
Torpedo Tubes: 8
Beam: 18 meter (59 foot)
Length: 154 meter (505 foot)
Max Operating Depth: 600 meter
Power: 98,000 shp (73 MW)
Top Speed Submerged: 32 knot (16.4 mps)
Mission Endurance: 110 day
Displacement Submerged: 24,000 ton
Displacement Surfaced: 14,700 ton
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Project 949A News

There are 7 news between
9 Feb 2012 and 5 Jul 2017
Wednesday, July 5, 2017Russian Navy Fire Tests Granit Cruise Missile
Wednesday, June 7, 2017Russian Navy to Get First Upgraded Oscar Submarine with Kalibr Missiles in 2021
Sunday, April 23, 2017Russian Navy Project 09852 to Become Biggest Submarine in the World
Wednesday, April 5, 2017Upgraded Oscar II Nuclear Submarine to Rejoin Russian Navy
Tuesday, March 7, 2017Russian Navy to Upgrade Antey Nuclear Submarine Fleet with Kalibr Cruise Missiles
Monday, December 30, 2013Russian Navy Commissions Severodvinsk Nuclear Attack Submarine
Thursday, February 9, 2012Russian Navy to Convert Project 949A Belgorod Nuclear Submarine for Special Missions

Operators & Related Equipment

Feb 20198Northern Fleet (3) and Pacific Fleet (5)
Dec 20175
20128Northern fleet (3) and Pacific fleet (5)
20099Northern fleet (3) and Pacific fleet (6)
Oct 20088

Grand Total 111
Defensive Weapons
Offensive Weapons

Project 949A Ship Listing

SerialNameStatusLaunch DateCommissionDecommission
K-148 Orenburg-1986-
K-132 Irkutsk-19872012
K-119 Voronezh-1988-
K-173 Krasnoyarsk198519882012
K-410 Smolensk-1990-
K-442 Chelyabinsk-1990-
K-456 Tver-1991-
K-266 Orel-1992-
K-186 Omsk-1993-
K-141 Kursk-19942000
K-150 Tomsk-1997-

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