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Project 955  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 10 January 2013
Total Production: 3
Unitary Cost: RUB23 billion   (USD$373 million)
Also Known As: Borei, Borey and Yuri Dolgoruky
Origin: Russia
Corporations: Krylov Research Institute, Rubin and Sevmash
Parent System: Project 955
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 10 January 2013
Total Production: 8
Development Cost: RUB9.0 billion   (USD$146 million)
Family Members: Project 955A and Project 955M
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Description: The Russian Navy Project 955 or Borey/Borei, 'Northwind' in English, is a new strategic nuclear submarine class (SSBN) designed to replace current Project 941 (Typhoon NATO name) and Project 667BDRM (Delta IV NATO name) boats built by the former Soviet Union and in service with the Russian Navy. The Borey-class submarines development started in the mid-1980s at Rubin Design Bureau and are the quietest produced ever in Russia and the former Soviet Union. Ships from Project 955 and the Project 855 share parts and hull design to achieve lower maintenance costs and higher spare parts availability. All the submarines are being build by Sevmash shipyards in the White Sea region, Russia. The Russian Navy plans to procure up to eight submarines before 2020 each armed with 16 Bulava Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBMs) capable of carrying up to 10 nukes. These boats will remain in service with the Russian Navy's strategic submarine fleet until 2040-2050 timeframe.

The Project 955 boats are five times quieter than Project 971 Akula and Project 949A Oscar II nuclear attack submarines which were the quietest boats ever produced by the former Soviet Union. Ascending rescue chambers for the whole crew were provided to prevent a disaster similar to what happened with the Kursk boat in 2000 at the Barents Sea. Besides, the Boreys are the first Russian ballistic submarines fitted with a single-shaft water-jet propulsion system providing high propulsion performance instead of twin propulsion system. In addition these boats have two hinged thrusters and retractable horizontal bow planes with flaps for enhanced maneuverability. One key advantage of the new ballistic submarines is their ability to launch a Bulava missile on-the-move and/or to launch them from under the Arctic ice.

The Russian Navy first boat named Yuri Dolgoruky was laid down at Sevmash Shipyards in November 1996, handed over to the Navy for trials on April 15, 2007 and commissioned with the Bulava missiles in January 2013. The troubled construction work on the lead ship was dragged with problems related to the Bark ballistic missile which was incompatible with the ship's design. Finally, the Russian Navy dropped the Bark plans and replaced it with the Bulava intercontinental ballistic missile making the submarines lighter. The number of ballistic missiles to be carried also changed during the construction process from 12 to 16. Sea trials were completed in 2010 and the Russian Navy officially commissioned the ship in October 2010 but without the troubled Bulava ballistic missiles expected to be cleared for operational service in 2011 or 2012. The Russian Navy only requested the construction of three ships of this class favoring an improved boat design called Project 955A. The second and third boats were commissioned in late 2013 and late 2014.

Each Bulava SLBM typically carries four-to-six nukes outfitted with anti-missile defense (ABM) devices or countermeasures. Bulava or Bulava-M ballistic missiles are said to have up to 10 nuclear warheads. The missile range is 8,000+ kilometers and its development was delayed by several test failures which also delayed the Project 955 program. The 24,000-ton ship is powered by a nuclear power reactor that allows a top speed of 29 knots submerged and is fitted with state-of-the-art equipment and six 533mm torpedo tubes. The Project 955 is the quietest and more survivable submarine produced for the Russian Navy so far.

Project 955 Specifications

Crew: 107
Enlisted: 52
Number of Ballistic Missiles: 16
Number of Weapons: 40
Officers: 55
Torpedo Tubes: 6
Dimensions
Beam: 13.5 meter (44 foot)
Draft: 10 meter (32.8 foot)
Length: 170 meter (558 foot)
Performance
Max Operating Depth: 450 meter
Speed
Top Speed Submerged: 29 knot (14.9 mps)
Top Speed Surfaced: 15 knot
Time
Mission Endurance: 90 day
Weight
Displacement Submerged: 24,000 ton
Displacement Surfaced: 14,700 ton
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Project 955 News

There are 29 news between
7 May 2010 and 14 Apr 2017
1  2  3  
Friday, April 14, 2017Russian Navy Yasen-M Submarines to Feature 4th Generation Nuclear Reactor
Wednesday, April 12, 2017Russian Navy Borey, Yasen and Varshavyanka Submarines to Get Special Rubber Coating
Sunday, December 25, 2016Russian Navy Borei-M to Become Mainstay of Sea-Based Strategic Deterrent
Friday, December 23, 2016Russian Navy Working on Modernization of Borei-Class Submarines
Friday, September 30, 2016Russian Submarines to Be Outfitted with Sonar Jamming Membrane by 2017
Saturday, September 17, 2016Russian Submarines to be Outfitted with Advanced Noise Absorving Materials
Wednesday, July 20, 2016Russia Developing Sonar Network for Underwater Surveillance
Tuesday, July 7, 2015Russian Navy Developing Two New Fifth Generation Nuclear Submarines
Friday, November 28, 2014Russian Navy Test-Launches Bulava Ballistic Missile
Wednesday, October 29, 2014Russia Test Fires Bulava Sea-Based Ballistic Missile

Operators & Related Equipment


OperatorsItems
Russia3
YearHoldings
20153Northern fleet (1) and Pacific fleet (2)
Dec 20143Northern fleet (1) and Pacific fleet (2)
Dec 20132Northern fleet (1) and Pacific fleet (1)

Grand Total 31
Defensive Weapons
Fizik-1
Futlyar
RPK-2x6
SET-65K
TEST-71M-NK
USET-80
Offensive Weapons
Bulava-Mx16
Protection Systems
Vist-2
Sensor Systems
Irtysh-Amphora-B-055x1

Project 955 Ship Listing


SerialNameStatusLaunch DateCommissionDecommission
K-535 Yuri Dolgoruky200810 Jan 2013-
K-550 Alexander Nevsky200923 Dec 2013-
K-817 Vladimir Monomakh30 Dec 201219 Dec 2014-

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