Type 039 Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1999 Total Production: 4 Also Known As:Song Origin:China Corporations: Jiangnan Shipyard and Wuhan Shipbuilding Industry Company
Parent System:Type 039 Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1999 Total Production: 13 Family Members:Type 039G
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Description: The Type 039, Song NATO codename, represents the first generation of Chinese designed diesel-electric submarines. The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has ordered the Type 039 as the replacement for obsolete Romeo/Ming class submarines. Construction of the first boat started in the mid 1990s at Wuhan Shipbuilding Industry Company. The PLAN commissioned the first ship in 1999. At least an additional seven boats have been built by Wuhan and Jiangnan Shipyard and commissioned by the PLAN so far. In November 2007 a diesel-electric Type 039 class submarine scored a major achievement by infiltrating the US Navy's aircraft carrier strike group. Using the silent electric propulsion the boat was able to approach the USS Kitty Hawk aircraft carrier during an exercise in the Pacific Ocean.
The Type 039 submarines have been designed to perform anti-submarine (ASW) and anti-surface (ASuW) warfare as well as reconnaissance in hostile shores, mine laying and patrol missions. The ship features French (sonar), German (MTU 12V 493 engines) and Chinese technologies. Externally, the Type 039 highlights an hydro-dynamically sleek profile and noise reducing coating similar to Russian Kilo-class submarines. The six 533mm torpedo tubes at the bow can launch Yu-6 wire-guided torpedoes, Yu-4 active/passive acoustic homing torpedoes, YJ-82 anti-ship missiles and mines. The ship carries up to 18 torpedoes and/or missiles and 24/36 mines. Overall, Type 039 represents a great improvement in terms of acoustic signature and combat capabilities compared to Romeo and Ming class submarines.
The lead boat of the Type 039 class submarine was commissioned by the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) in 1999 with four boats commissioned by 2001.
Type 039 Specifications
Number of Weapons: 18
Torpedo Tubes: 6 Dimensions Beam: 8.40 meter (27.6 foot)
Draft: 5.30 meter (17.4 foot)
Length: 75 meter (246 foot) Performance Max Operating Depth: 300 meter Speed Top Speed Submerged: 22 knot (11.3 mps)
Top Speed Surfaced: 15 knot Weight Displacement Submerged: 2,250 ton
Displacement Surfaced: 1,990 ton
CEP: Circular Error Probable
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