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B-2A Spirit  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): April 1997
Maiden Flight: 17 July 1989
Total Production: 21
Unitary Cost: USD$1.4 billion
Origin: United States of America
Corporations: Northrop Grumman
Parent System: B-2 Spirit
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): April 1997
Maiden Flight: 17 July 1989
Total Production: 21
Total Cost: USD$27 billion
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Description: The B-2 is a multi-role, stealth, highly survivable, subsonic, long range bomber capable of delivery both conventional and nuclear weapons. The B-2 brings massive firepower to bear anywhere on the globe, even on areas protected by sophisticated air defenses. The cornerstone of the B-2's power is its stealth airframe which makes possible to penetrate the most sophisticated known air defenses and destroy the most valuable targets with high precision. An stealthy airframe also means the capability to fly ever at high altitude avoiding the low-altitude penetration flight and its aerodynamics restrictions optimizing B-2's range. The B-2 bomber unrefueled range is approximately 6,000 nm and 10,000 nm with one refueling.
B-2 bomber low-observability also includes Infrared, acoustic, electromagnetic and visual signatures as well as radar cross section (RCS). These features make B-2 one of the most survivable military combat aircraft ever built. The crew of a B-2 bomber comprises 2-man, a mission commander and the pilot. According to Pentagon sources, a single B-2 has the combat power of 75 non-stealthy aircraft. The B-2s are assuming a conventional strike role instead of the strategic, and will be present in future military campaigns playing a vital role as they did for the first time over the former Yugoslavia during operation Allied Force in 1999 and most recently over Iraq during operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003. All 21 B-2 bombers are based at Whiteman Air Force Base in Missouri.
On September 9, 2004, Northrop-Grumman as prime contractor and Raytheon were awarded a $388 million contract by the US Air Force to develop and demonstrate an Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) antenna for the B-2 stealth bomber as the phase two of the B-2 radar modernization program. The total cost of this program is valued at approximately $900 million with the share of Raytheon valued at $600 million, according to Northrop-Grumman.
The B-2 radar system modernization program, which started in 2002, is aimed at improving overall radar and B-2 aircraft performance while resolving concerns involving commercial radio frequency incompatibility with the current B-2 radar system. Up to six new radar systems are planned to be produced and tested aboard the Spirit, before to enter low and full rate production of the AESA antenna featuring more than 2,000 Transmitter/Receiver (T/R) modules. The existing B-2A Spirit fleet should be retrofitted with the new AESA antenna by 2011.
In August 2005 Northrop-Grumman released that preliminary integration work of Link-16 communications on the US Air Force B-2 aircraft was being conducted in California prior to integration into operational aircraft later in 2005. Link-16 digital transmission system was aimed at providing B-2 platform with network-centric environment capability, a key enabler for 21st century warfare.
In March 2006 Northrop Grumman completed integration work of the Smart Bomb Rack Assembly (SBRA) onto the US Air Force B-2 Spirit fleet following delivery of the 54th rack assembly to the Air Force's 509th Bomb Wing at Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri. SBRA development contract worth $131 million was issued in 2001 and involved both hardware and software modifications and delivery of nine modified racks. The conversion contract for an additional 45 racks was awarded in 2003 and was valued at $31.7 million. Equipped with SBRA each B-2 stealth bomber is able to carry as many as 80 GBU-38 JDAMs.
In August 2006 Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri, had received four B-2s fitted with the new low-observable outer coating known as alternate high frequency materials or AHFM. With AHFM coating B-2's surface panels can be removed and reinstalled with minimal amount of coating needing restoration.

B-2A Spirit Specifications

Crew: 2
Number of Engines: 4
Area
Radar Cross Section (RCS): 14 square cm (0.00 square meter)
Dimensions
Height: 5.10 meter
Length: 20.9 meter
Wingspan: 52 meter
Performance
Ceiling: 15,250 meter (50,033 foot)
Max Range: 11,100 kilometer (5,994 nautical mile)
Weight
Fuel Load: 75,750 kilogram
Max Takeoff Thrust: 69,200 pound (31,389 kilogram)
Max Takeoff Weight: 152,634 kilogram
Min Weight: 72,575 kilogram
Payload: 18,144 kilogram
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

B-2A Spirit News

There are 49 news between
31 Mar 2003 and 1 Nov 2016
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Tuesday, November 1, 2016USAF B-2 Bomber to Receive LRSO, B-61 Mod 12 and B-61 Mod 11 Nuclear Weapons
Monday, September 14, 2015US Air Force to Increase B-2A Spirit Bomber Operational Availability
Wednesday, May 27, 2015Northrop Grumman Passes Key Design Review for B-2 Weapons Management Upgrade Program
Saturday, April 4, 2015US Air Force Testing Jamming-Resistant MOP Bunker Buster Bomb
Tuesday, June 3, 2014US Air Force Awards Northrop Grumman FAST II Contract for B-2 Fleet Modernization and Sustainment
Tuesday, April 8, 2014United States of America Announces Strategic Force Structure by 2018
Monday, November 25, 2013Boeing Tests Validate Performance of FAB-T Satellite Communications Program
Thursday, September 5, 2013US Air Force B-2 Bomber Undergoes Communications Upgrade
Monday, July 8, 2013B-2 New AESA Communications Concept Demonstrated with AEHF Satellite
Thursday, February 14, 2013Northrop Grumman to Modernize US Air Force B-2A Spirit Defensive Systems

Operators & Related Equipment


OperatorsItems
United States of America21
YearHoldings
201819plus 1 test aircraft
20152019 bombers and 1 test aircraft
20132019 bombers and 1 test aircraft
20112019 bombers and 1 test aircraft
Apr 20092019 bombers and 1 test aircraft
Feb 200820One B-2 crashed in Guam, at Andersen Air Force, Base on February 23, 2008
20072120 bombers and 1 test aircraft

Grand Total 211
Aircraft Warners & Sensors
AN/APQ-181x1
Bombs & Guidance Kits
B61 Mod 11
B61 Mod 12
B83
GBU-28 Bunker Buster
GBU-28C/B
GBU-31 JDAMx16
GBU-32 JDAMx16
GBU-38 JDAMx80
GBU-57/B MOPx2
Fighter Aircraft Engines
F118-GE-100x4
Helicopter Warners & Sensors
AN/AAR-54
Land Attack Cruise Missiles
AGM-158 JASSM-ER
AGM-158A JASSMx16
LRSOx8
Standoff Weapons
AGM-154A JSOWx16
AGM-154B JSOWx16
AGM-154C JSOWx16

B-2A Spirit Links & Resources

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