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M1A2 Abrams  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1998
Total Production: 602
Unitary Cost: USD$4.0 million
Also Known As: M1A2S
Origin: United States of America
Corporations: General Dynamics
Parent System: M1 Abrams
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1980
Total Production: 9,960
Total Cost: USD$40 billion
Family Members: M1 Abrams, M1A1 Abrams, M1A2 Abrams SEP and M1A3 Abrams
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Description: The United States of America M1 Abrams tank was designed to provide heavy armor superiority on the battlefield destroying enemy forces using mobility and firepower. Initially the US Army and the German agreed to develop a new heavy tank in the 1970s but the joint program split into the German Leopard 2 and the US M1 Abrams. It was deployed in the early 1980s replacing the aging M60 Patton main battle tank (MBT) within the US Army and within the United States Marine Corps (USMC) in the 1990s. It has been exported to the Armies of Egypt (M1A1), Saudi Arabia (M1A1 and M1A2), Kuwait (M1A2), Australia (M1A1) and recently Iraq (M1A1). Roughly 10,000 M1 Abrams main battle tanks were produced for the US Army, the USMC, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.
In addition to its heavy armor, the M1 Abrams tank features Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) protection and a 1,500-hp AGT-1500 gas engine which allows high mobility on road and off road. The M1 Abrams 105mm or 120mm stabilized cannon can open fire moving or stationary, at night, in adverse weather against moving and stationary targets with a high probability of kill using depleted uranium penetration ammunition and its advanced ballistic computers, as well as its sensor package housed on the turret. The frontal part of the turret is protected using depleted uranium plates which are more resistant than steel. Export Abrams are not provided with the depleted uranium armor.
The M1A2 Abrams main battle tank features a M256 120mm smooth bore gun 42 rounds, two M240 7.62mm machine guns and a M2 12.7mm machine gun which provides a short range air defense capability against helicopters and low flying aircraft. The first M1A2 was fielded within the US Army in 1996. The US Army M1A2s are remanufactured and upgraded M1 Abrams main battle tanks. This model retains mobility and increases firepower compared to previous M1 tank. The M1A2 provides the Abrams with improvements in lethality, survivability, and fightability required to defeat advanced threats. The A2 includes a commander's independent thermal viewer (CITV), an improved weapon station, fire control system, and increased armor. The US Army has a requirement to upgrade older M1 to the M1A2 configuration. The first US Army M1A2-equipped unit was ready for the active duty in 1998. The M1A2 was exported to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The US Army's M1A2s were upgraded to the SEP v2 standard and the Saudi Arabia's tanks are being upgraded to the M1A2S standard.
The General Dynamics M1A1/M1A2 Tank Urban Survivability Kit (TUSK) consists of Loader's Armor Gun Shield (LAGS), a Tank Infantry Phone (TIP), Abrams Reactive Armor Tiles (ARAT), a Remote Thermal Sight (RTS) and a Power Distribution Box (PDB). This add-on crew enhanced survivability kit was ordered by the US Army for the first time in late August 2006 as a rapid response to the threat posed by insurgents to heavyweight tanks in Iraq. The order was valued at $45 million for production and installation of 505 tank kits.

M1A2 Abrams Applications


Auxiliary Vessels JHSV

M1 Abrams Orders

M1A2 Abrams

M1 Abrams items 1994-2013

View full report Chart includes M1A1 Abrams (1,534), M1A2 Abrams (620)
1069,1994,361 190,1995,190 0,1996 0,1997 0,1998 0,1999 0,2000 0,2001 0,2002 0,2003 0,2004 100,2005, 59,2006, 377,2007, 0,2008 0,2009 140,2010, 125,2011, 25,2012, 69,2013,69

M1A2 Abrams Specifications

Ammunition Load: 42
Crew: 4
Rolling Rubber Wheels: 7
Dimensions
Height: 2.44 meter
Length: 9.83 meter
Main Gun Caliber: 120 millimeter
Width: 3.66 meter
Performance
Max Range: 411 kilometer
Power
Power: 1,500 shp (1,119 kW)
Speed
Cross Country Speed: 48 kph (13.3 mps)
Top Speed: 68 kph (18.9 mps)
Weight
Combat Weight: 68,570 kilogram
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

M1A2 Abrams News

There are 15 news between
21 Jul 2006 and 18 Sep 2013
1  2  
Wednesday, September 18, 2013Saudi Arabia to Convert 84 Abrams Tanks to M1A2S Configuration
Tuesday, January 8, 2013Saudi Arabia Orders 69 More M1A2S Abrams Heavy Tanks
Monday, November 26, 2012FMS: Saudi Arabia Requests Logistics Support for M1A2S, M2 and HMMWV Vehicles
Wednesday, September 14, 2011Lockheed Martin Awarded Contract to Upgrade US Army Advanced Gunnery Training Systems
Monday, August 15, 2011General Dynamics Awarded Contract for Saudi M1A2S Tank Work
Tuesday, January 18, 2011General Dynamics Receives Contract for Conversion of Saudi Arabia M1A2 to M1A2S Configuration
Thursday, February 19, 2009US Army Stryker and Abrams to Get Check-6 Thermal Cameras
Monday, November 10, 2008General Dynamics Awarded Contract to Design Saudi Arabia M1A2S Tank
Thursday, October 25, 2007BAE Systems and General Dynamics Sign Agreement for US Army Combat Vehicles Modernization
Monday, October 8, 2007Future Combat Systems Industry Team Delivers Network Capability to Current Force

Operators & Related Equipment


OperatorsItems
Kuwait218
YearHoldings
2005218
Saudi Arabia384
Tanks to be converted into M1A2S starting in 2010 and expected to complete conversion work in December 2012. Another 69 M1A2S tanks were ordered in January 2013.
YearHoldings
Jul 2014384
Jan 2013315Upgraded from M1A2 to M1A2S
United States of America586
Upgraded to M1A2 SEP v2

Grand Total 1,1883
Ground Sensors
LRAS3
Ground Vehicle Engines
AGT1500x1
Navigation & Targeting Systems
CITVx1
Projectiles
M1028
M829 APFSDS-T
M830 HEAT-MP-T
M831A1 TP-T
M865
XM1111 Mid Range Munition

M1A2 Abrams Links & Resources

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