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Type 96  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1998
Total Production: 2,000
Also Known As: T-96, Type 85 III, Type 90, Type 96A and ZTZ96
Origin: China
Corporations: NORINCO
Parent System: Type 96
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1998
Total Production: 2,600
Family Members: Type 90-IIM
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Description: The Type 96, also reported as Type 90 for export customers, Main Battle Tank (MBT) is an improved derivative of the Type 85 II tank which was developed on the basis of the Soviet-made T-54 chassis. After the Gulf War in 1991, the Chinese military realized that Type 88 was no match to Western-made tanks and launched the development of more advanced MBTs which led to Type 96 and Type 99. The Type 96 MBT, originally known as Type 85 III, was deployed by the People's Liberation Army (PLA) at the end of the 1990s replacing Type 59 and Type 69 in PLA's elite units.
Type 96 features advanced modular armor for enhanced survivability, a new turret, a stabilized 125mm smoothbore gun with autoloader, thermal imaging and laser rangefinder, and an accurate fire control system. Moreover, the Type 96 MBT can be outfitted with Explosive Reactive Armor enhancing its survivability. Overall, Type 96 MBT is the one of the most powerful and sophisticated main battle tanks currently being produced in China and its performance is close to Western-made MBTs.
In addition to the 125mm main gun, Type 96 MBT has one roof-mounted 12.7mm and one coaxial 7.62mm machine guns. The 125mm cannon is capable of firing Russian-made Refleks anti-tank missile. Its 1,000-hp diesel engine provides a top speed on road of 65 kilometers per hour.
As of late 2005, the PLA had received an estimated 1,500 - 2,000 tanks. Series production at NORINCO could keep on through 2010 or beyond, bringing the total production to 3,000 units. Type 96 may be upgraded with advanced technologies coming from Type 99 MBT.

Type 96 Specifications

Ammunition Load: 42
Caliber Multiple: 48
Crew: 3
Height: 2.30 meter
Length: 10.7 meter
Main Gun Caliber: 125 millimeter
Width: 3.30 meter
Power: 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Max Rate of Fire: 6 roundperminute
Top Speed: 65 kph (18.1 mps)
Combat Weight: 48 ton
Min Weight: 43 ton
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Operators & Related Equipment


Grand Total 2,0001
Anti-Armor Weapons & Missiles

Type 96 Links & Resources

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