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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
1 August 1995
Also Known As: Candid, Il-76, Il-76M, Il-76MD and Il-76MD-90
Corporations: Ilyushin Aviaton Complex
Parent System: Il-76
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
25 March 1971
Family Members: Il-476
Description: The Ilyushin Il-76 is a medium military transport/cargo aircraft originally designed to provide support to the Soviet Army replacing the turboprop powered An-12. Dubbed Candid by NATO, has been suggested as the Soviet counterpart to the United States Air Force C-141 Starlifter cargo aircraft. The Il-76 was also developed to meet the requirements of civil cargo transport requirements. Originally, it was powered by four D-30KP turbofan engines which have been replaced in subsequent versions by the PS-90/PS-90AN fuel efficient engine. A rear ramp allows for rapid loading/off-loading of cargo, equipment and/or personnel. Many Il-76 aircraft versions have been produced for military customers (Il-76, Il-76M, Il-76MD and Il-76MF) and civil customers (Il-76TD, Il-76TD-90 and Il-76TF). The Il-78 dubbed 'Midas' is a version developed to play as a tanker aircraft (Il-78M and Il-78MK) and introduced in 1987. The Il-76 project was launched in the late 1960s and the maiden flight was carried out on March 25, 1971. Series production started in 1975. The Il-76 military transport aircraft were provided with two 23mm GSh-23L guns in the tail and require a seven-man aircrew.
The first Il-76 military transport aircraft entered service in 1975 and was replaced in the production line by the improved Il-76M. The Il-76MD is a modified version of Il-76M with the main structural elements such as frame and landing gear strengthened to increase the maximum take-off gross weight and payload. Originally, the Il-76MD was powered by four D-30KP turbofan engines rated at 12,000 kg/26,000-lb of thrust each which currently are being replaced by the more efficient PS-90A-76.
The Il-76MF military transport aircraft is a modified version of Il-76MD featuring an enlarged fuselage, a new auxiliary power unit, modern avionics and PS-90A-76 fuel efficient turbojet engines each rated at 16,000kg/35,000-lb of thrust. In addition, the Il-76MF only requires a crew of five-man compared to seven-man in early models. Ilyushin Aviation Complex carried out the maiden flight on August 1, 1995. The mission range assigned to the Il-76 military transport aircraft includes: transportation of personnel; cargo; weapons; equipment; medical evacuation; and airdrop of airborne troops, equipment and cargo.
The IL-76MD-90 is a version of Il-76MD powered by more powerful PS-90A-76 turbofans, each rated at 35,000-lb, providing a maximum combined thrust of 140,000-lb at takeoff. The Il-76MD-90 increases the cruise speed from 750 kph to 850 kph compared with the D-30KP powered Il-76MD. Takeoff and landing run distances are shortened for the PS-90-A76 powered Il-76MD and the flight performance gets improved as well. The Russian Air Force expects to take delivery of 12 upgraded Il-76MD-90 airplanes before 2010. The upgraded versions of the Il-76 and An-124 aircraft will form the basis of the Russian strategic airlift capacity through 2030-2040 timeframe.
Il-76 items 2005-2012 Chart includes Il-476 (39), Il-78MK (3), Il-76MF (2)
Number of Engines: 4
Wing Area: 300 square meter
Fuselage Diameter: 4.80 meter
Height: 14.3 meter
Length: 53 meter
Main Gun Caliber: 23 millimeter
Wingspan: 51 meter
Ceiling: 12,000 meter (39,370 foot)
Landing Run Distance: 990 meter
Max Range: 6,300 kilometer
Take Off Run Distance: 1,800 meter
Cruise Speed: 850 kph (236 mps)
Fuel Tank Capacity: 109,500 liter
Cargo: 60 ton
Max Takeoff Thrust: 141,000 pound
Max Takeoff Weight: 210 ton
Min Weight: 100 ton
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
There are 8 news between
5 Mar 2004 and 31 Oct 2011
Monday, October 31, 2011First A-50U Upgraded AWACS Aircraft Enters Service with Russian Air ForceThursday, November 4, 2010India Takes Delivery of Third A-50EI AWACS Aircraft from RussiaMonday, August 2, 2010Kaveri Fighter Aircraft Engine Being Developed with Aid from RussiaWednesday, August 5, 2009Russian Air Force Outlines Future Force Structure by 2020-2025Thursday, May 28, 2009Indian Air Force Introduces First A-50EI AWACS AircraftWednesday, April 25, 2007BMD-4 Performs First Air Drop from an Il-76MWednesday, August 17, 2005Jordan Purchases Russian Il-76MF Transport AircraftFriday, March 5, 2004India Purchases Three IL-76 AEW Aircraft
Operators & Related Equipment
Il-76MF Links & Resources
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