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Grad  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1963
Total Production: ?
Also Known As: 9A51 Prima, 9K51, BM-11, BM-21, BM-21B, BM-21V, DP-62 Damba, GRADLAR, LAROM, M1964, Sakr-18 and Type 81
Origin: Russia
Corporations: Splav
Parent System: Grad
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1963
Total Production: ?
Reviews
There are no reviews so far

Description: BM-21 Grad, also kwon as the M-1964, is a Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) capable of delivering 122mm unguided rockets at ranges of 20 kilometers. Each 122mm caliber rocket carries 23 kg of cluster, incendiary or chemical munitions. BM-21 Grad rocket launch system is mounted on a 6x6 all terrain truck. Typically, this artillery system is equipped with 40 rocket tubes but there is a variety of versions carrying from 12 to 50 rocket tubes.
BM-21 Grad artillery systems have been sold to more than 50 international customers. Several variants of Grad were produced out of the borders of the Soviet Union with Czechoslovakian RM-70 outstanding among them. It was deployed during conflicts in the Middle East, Afghanistan, Iran-Iraq and Africa. Many third world countries rocket artillery units are based on Grad. The Soviet Army developed BM-27 Uragan MLRS as a replacement for BM-21 Grad.
Sakr-18 is a variant of BM-21 produced by Egypt for its armed forces and export customers. BM-11 is a 30-tube variant used by North Korea. Prima is a Russian high capacity variant equipped with 50 rocket tubes. Type 81 is a Chinese variant of Grad. BM-21V and BM-21B are variants equipped with 12 and 36 rocket tubes respectively. BM-21V is a lighter version intended for use by paratroopers.
The GRADLAR is a cost-effective upgrade package developed by IMI of Israel and available for users of 122mm BM-21 Grad artillery system. The upgrade adds up major components and technology from the LAR artillery rocket program. The upgraded GRADLAR system can launch either IMI's LAR or Russian/Soviet Grad rockets.�In addition, this system has an improved electrical and hydraulic system plus an advanced C4I system. Romania's LAROM is an upgraded Grad system capable of firing 160mm LAR rockets.

Grad Applications


Carrier & Landing Ships Project 1171 Corvettes & Missile Boats Project 21630 Multiple Launch Rocket Systems RM-70

Grad Orders

Grad

Grad items 1992-2013

View full report Chart includes Grad (527)
52,1992,52 4,1993,4 0,1994 0,1995 73,1996,73 48,1997,48 4,1998,4 30,1999,30 0,2000 10,2001,10 84,2002,84 6,2003,6 2,2004,2 0,2005 20,2006,20 24,2007,24 37,2008,37 0,2009 38,2010,38 3,2011,3 5,2012,5 87,2013,87

Grad Specifications

Artillery Tubes: 40
Crew: 5
Wheel Drive: 6x6
Dimensions
Artillery Tube Caliber: 122 millimeter
Height: 3.10 meter
Length: 7.35 meter
Width: 2.40 meter
Performance
Max Range: 450 kilometer
Weapon Max Range: 20,000 meter
Power
Power: 180 shp
Speed
Top Speed: 20.9 mps (75 kph)
Time
SetUp Time: 3 minute
Weight
Combat Weight: 13,700 kilogram
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Grad News

There are 6 news between
1 Dec 2009 and 24 Jul 2015
Friday, July 24, 2015Russian Army Receives New Tornado-G 122m Rocket Artillery Systems
Wednesday, July 8, 2015Russia to Develp New Multiple Rocket Launchers to Replace Naval Grad Systems
Friday, May 4, 2012Russia to Set Up Military Maintenance Centers in Kazakhstan
Wednesday, December 21, 2011Israel's Iron Dome Intercepts 122mm Grad Rocket Fired from Gaza
Monday, March 28, 2011Russian Army to Get New Tornado-G Multiple Launch Rocket System
Tuesday, December 1, 2009NLOS-LS Team Uses Warhead to Defeat Stationary Target

Operators & Related Equipment


OperatorsItems
Georgia?
GRADLAR
Hungary?
YearHoldings
200742
200642
Poland?
YearHoldings
2011169
2010173
2009194
2007225
Romania?
YearHoldings
201354
201254
201154LAROM
201054LAROM
200948LAROM
200848LAROM

Grand Total ?34
Rockets
9M22Ux40
9M28Fx40
9M28Kx40
9M43x40
9M519x40
ACCULARx40
LAR-160x40

Grad Links & Resources

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