Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
51% and Russia
BrahMos Aerospace and NPK Tekhmash
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Description: The BrahMos is a long-range, supersonic, anti-ship missile developed by BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited a joint venture company established in Febraury 1998 between Russian NPO Mashinostroyenia and the Indian Ministry of Defense Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO). BrahMos acronym comes from the rivers Brahmaputra of India and the Moscow of Russia. The first flight test involving BrahMos anti-ship missile was carried out on June12, 2001, in the Interim Test Range in the state of Orissa, India. India and Russia expect to sell at least 1,000 to 2,000 missiles to export customers in the 2010-2020 timeframe. As of February 2007, BrahMos had performed 13 missile flight tests. As of September 2008, Indian plans class for the procurement of 1,000 missiles by 2020.
The BrahMos missile complex is based upon Yakhont supersonic cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyenia of Russia. Designed with operational flexibility in mind, the BrahMos missile can be launched from either surface ships, submarines, airborne platforms, underground silos and/or Tractor-Erector-Launcher trucks. Moreover, the missile accepts both vertical and inclined launch. In addition to its anti-ship primary role, the missile is being developed to engage land targets as well. The Indian Armed Forces plans for the deployment of BrahMos missiles within the Navy, Army and Air Force.
The BrahMos-A is a variant designed for launch by airborne platforms. A $50 million contract for this new variant was issued December 2005 with the aim to developed an aircraft version to be integrated with the Indian Air Force Su-30MKI multi-role fighter. The BrahMos A was slated to enter the flight testing phase in 2009. According to the Indian press, a modified Su-30MKI is capable of carrying up to three BrahMos-A missiles. In addition to the Su-30, the missile may be integrated with the Mig-31 air defense fighter and the Tu-142 maritime patrol aircraft. The air-launched BrahMos version features smaller booster and additional tail fins for stability during launch. India is planning to integrate the BrahMos A with the Indian Navy's Il-38 maritime patrol aircraft and the Indian Air Force's Su-30MKI aircraft.
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