Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
22 December 2004
Also Known As: BrahMos Block II
51% and Russia
BrahMos Aerospace and NPK Tekhmash
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Description: The BrahMos is a long-range, supersonic, anti-ship missile developed by BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited a joint venture company established in Febraury 1998 between Russian NPO Mashinostroyenia and the Indian Ministry of Defense Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO). BrahMos acronym comes from the rivers Brahmaputra of India and the Moscow of Russia. The first flight test involving BrahMos anti-ship missile was carried out on June12, 2001, in the Interim Test Range in the state of Orissa, India. India and Russia expect to sell at least 1,000 to 2,000 missiles to export customers in the 2010-2020 timeframe. As of February 2007, BrahMos had performed 13 missile flight tests. As of September 2008, Indian plans class for the procurement of 1,000 missiles by 2020.
The BrahMos missile complex is based upon Yakhont supersonic cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyenia of Russia. Designed with operational flexibility in mind, the BrahMos missile can be launched from either surface ships, submarines, airborne platforms, underground silos and/or Tractor-Erector-Launcher trucks. Moreover, the missile accepts both vertical and inclined launch. In addition to its anti-ship primary role, the missile is being developed to engage land targets as well. The Indian Armed Forces plans for the deployment of BrahMos missiles within the Navy, Army and Air Force.
The BrahMos II supersonic land-to-land cruise missile is being developed to meet the Indian Army's requirements for an anti-ship and land attack missile. The missile was first test fired on December 22, 2004, in a desert test range in Rajasthan, India. The missile successfully destroyed a surrogate building. The Indian Army's land-based BrahMos would be deployed using underground silos and road mobile platforms based on Tatra trucks. Indian Army's BrahMos regiments would be equipped with three battalions, each with six road mobile launch vehicles. The Tatra-based missile launchers are equipped each with three missiles. BrahMos II missile system entered service with the Indian Army in June 2007. The BrahMos II cruise missile guidance system combines an InfraRed seeker with Terrain Contour Matching (TERCOM) for the terminal and cruise flight phases respectively. The missile basic range is 300 kilometers but the Indian Army expects procure variants with increased range. So far, the Indian Army has expressed its commitment to create three regiments equipped with BrahMos.
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